Skip to main content

The prevention and early detection of cancer

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Armstrong, B. and Doll, R. 1975. Environmental factors and cancer incidence and mortality in different countries, with special reference to dietary practices. Int. J. Cancer 15, 617.

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Banks, M. H., Bewley, B. R., Bland, J. M., Dean, J. R. and Pollard, V. 1978. Long-term study of smoking by secondary schoolchildren. Arch. Disease in Childhood 53, 12.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Beral, V. 1974. Cancer of the cervix, a sexually-transmitted infection. Lancet i, 1037.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Bjelke, E. 1974. Epidemiologic studies of cancer of the stomach, colon and rectum with special emphasis on the role of diet. Scand. J. Gastroenterol. 9, suppl. 31, 1.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Breslow, N. E. and Enstrom, J. E. 1974. Geographic correlation between cancer mortality rates and alcohol-tobacco consumption in the United States. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 53, 561.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Bynner, J. M. 1969. The Young Smoker. Government Social Survey, H.M.S.O., London.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Carroll, K. K., Gamal, E. B. and Plunkett, E. R. 1968. Dietary fat and mammary cancer. Can. Med. Assoc. J. 98, 590.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Colley, J. R. T., Holland, W. W. and Corkhill, R. T. 1974. Influence of passive smoking and parental phlegm on pneumonia and bronchitis in early childhood. Lancet ii, 1031.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Council of Europe, European Public Health Committee, 1974. Screening as a tool of preventive medicine, Report of a working party. Strasbourg.

  10. Dean, G., Maclennan, R., McLoughlin, H. and Shelley, E. 1979. Causes of death in blue-collar workers at a Dublin brewery, 1954–73. Br. J. Cancer 40, 581.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. de Jong, V. W., Day, N. E., Muir, N. E., Muir, C. S., Barclay, T. H. C., Bras, G. and Foster, F. H. 1972. The distribution of cancer within the large bowel. Int. J. Cancer 10, 463.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Editorial. 1976. Herpes virus and carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Br. Med. J. i, 671.

  13. Editorial. 1977. Tumour-associated antigens, still too fickle for population screening. Br. Med. J. ii, 535.

  14. Editorial. 1980. High risk groups and cervical cancer. Br. Med. J. 281, 629.

  15. Enstrom, J. E. 1977. Colorectal cancer and beer drinking. Br. J. Cancer 35, 674.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Fasal, E. and Paffenbarger, R. S. 1975. Oral contraceptives as related to cancer and benign lesions of the breast. J. Nat. Cancer Inst. 55, 767.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Gregor, D. H. 1967. Diagnosis of large bowel cancer in the asymptomatic patient. JAMA 201, 943.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Haenzel, W. 1961. Cancer mortality among the foreign-born in the United States. J. Nat. Cancer Inst. 26, 37.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Haenzel, W., Bey, J. W., Segi, M., Kurihara, M. and Locke, F. B. 1973. Large bowel cancer in Hawaiian Japanese. J. Nat. Cancer Inst. 51, 1765.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Hakama, M., Rasanen Virtanen, V. 1976. Effect of a mass screening programme on the risk of cervical cancer. Am. J. Epidemiol. 103, 512.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Heinrich, H. C. 1980. Occult blood tests. Lancet i, 822.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Herity, B., Moriarty, M., Bourke, G. J. and Daly, L. 1981. A case-control study of head and neck cancer in the Republic of Ireland. Br. J. Cancer 43, 177.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Herity, B., Murphy, J., Moriarty, M., Bourke, G. J. and Daly, L. 1982. A study of squamous-cell carcinoma of the cervix uteri. Irish J. Med. Sci. 151, 128.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Hirayama, T. 1981. Non-smoking wives of heavy smokers have higher risk of lung cancer: a study in Japan. Br. Med. J. 282, 183.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. Hutchison, G. B., Shapiro, S. 1968. Lead time gained by diagnostic screening for breast cancer. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 41, 663.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Jick, H., Walker, A. M., Rothman, K. J. 1980. The epidemic of endometrial cancer. A commentary. Am. J. Public Health 70, 264.

    PubMed  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Mack, T. M., Pike, M. C., Henderson, B., Pfeiffer, R. I., Gerkins, V. R., Arthur, M. and Brown, S. 1976. Estrogens and endometrial cancer in a retirement community. New Engl. J. Med. 302, 551.

    Google Scholar 

  28. MacMahon, B., Lin, T. M., Lowe, C. R., Mirra, A. P., Ravnihar, B., Salber, E. J., Trichopoulos, D., Valaoras, V. G. and Yuasa, S. 1970. Age at first birth and breast cancer risk. bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 43, 209.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  29. MacMahon, B., Yen, S., Trichopoulos, D., Warren, K., Nardi, G. 1981. Coffee and cancer of the pancreas. N. Engl. J. Med. 304, 630.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. Miller, A. B. and Bulbrook, R. D. 1980. The epidemiology and aetiology of breast cancer. New Eng. J. Med. 303, 1246.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  31. Murakami, E. ed. 1971. Early Gastric Cancer. Gann monograph on Cancer Research, No. 11 University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo.

    Google Scholar 

  32. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 1978. Estimates of the fraction of cancer in the United States related to occupational exposure. Washington.

  33. O'Loughlin, G., Herity, B. and Moriarty, M. 1982. Skin carcinoma in Ireland — a case control study. Irish. J. Med. Sci. 151, 132.

    Google Scholar 

  34. Oshima, A., Hanai, A. and Fujimoto, I. 1979. Evaluation of a mass screening programme for stomach cancer. Nat Cancer Inst. Monograph, 53, 181.

    Google Scholar 

  35. Paffenberger, R. S. Jr., Fasal, E., Simmons, M. E. and Kampert, J. P. 1977. Cancer risk as related to use of oral contraceptives during fertile years. Cancer 39, 1887.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Peto, R. 1981. Why Cancer? The Times Health Supplement, November 6, p. 12.

    Google Scholar 

  37. Pfeiffer, C. J., ed. 1979. Gastric Cascer. Etiology and Pathogenesis. Gerhard Witzstock Publishing House, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  38. Pike, M. C., Henderson, B. E., Casagrande, J. J., Rosario, I. and Gray, G. E. 1981. Oral contraceptive use and early abortion as risk factors for breast cancer in young women. Br. J. Cancer 43, 72.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  39. Prorok, P. C. 1976a. The theory of periodic screening. I. Lead time and proportion detected. Adv. Appl. Prob. 8, 127.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Prorok, P. C. 1976b. The theory of periodic screening, II. Doubly bounded recurrence times and mean lead time and detection probability estimation. Adv. Appl. Prob. 80, 460.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Rotkin, I. D. 1973. A comparison review of key epidemiological studies in cervical cancer related to current searches for transmissable agents. Cancer Res. 33, 1353.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  42. Royal College of General Practitioners, 1981. Breast cancer and oral contraceptives: findings in a Royal College of General Practitioners Study. Br. Med. J. 282, 2089.

    Google Scholar 

  43. Shapiro, S., Strax, P. and Venet, L. 1971. Periodic breast cancer screening in reducing mortality from breast cancer. JAMA 215, 1777.

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  44. Shapiro, S., Venet, W., Strax, P., Venet, L. and Roeser, R. 1982. Ten to fourteen year effects of breast cancer screening on mortality. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 69, 349.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  45. Silverberg, S. G. and Makowski, E. L. 1975. Endometrial carcinoma in young women taking oral contraceptive agents. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 46, 503.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  46. Smith, D. C., Prentice, R., Thompson, D. I., Herrman, W. L. 1975. Association of exogenous estrogen and endometrial carcinoma. New Engl. J. Med. 293, 1164.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  47. Southern Tumour Registry, 1977. Report of the Registry Committee for 1977. Cork.

  48. Songster, C. L., Barrows, G. H., Jarrett, D. D. 1980. Immunochemical detection of faecal occult blood. Cancer 45, 1099.

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  49. Spriggs, A. I. and Husain, O. A. N. 1977. Cervical Smears. Br. Med. J. i, 1516.

    Google Scholar 

  50. Vessey, M. P., McPherson, K. and Doll, R. 1981. Breast cancer and oral contraceptives: findings in Oxford Family Planning Association contraceptive study. Br. Med. J. 282, 2093.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  51. Weiss, N. S., Sayvetz, T. A. 1980. Incidence of endometrial cancer in relation to the use of oral contraceptives. New Engl. J. Med. 302, 551.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  52. Wilson, J. M. G. and Jungner, G. 1969. Principles and practice of screening for disease. Public Health Papers 34, WHO, Geneva.

    Google Scholar 

  53. Woolner, L. B., Fontana, R. S., Sanderson, D. R. 1981. Evaluation of lung cancer screening through December 1979. Mayo Clinic Proc., 56, 544.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  54. World Health Organisation, 1978. Steroid contraception and the risk of neoplasia. WHO Technical Report Series No. 619. Geneva.

  55. Zelen, M. 1976. Theory of early detection of breast cancer in the general population. In: Henson, J. C., Mattheiem, W. H., Rozencwei, M., eds. Breast Cancer: trends in research and treatment. New York: Raven Press, 287.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

The St. Luke‘s Lecture, 1981.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Herity, B. The prevention and early detection of cancer. Ir J Med Sci 152, 223 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02954722

Download citation

Keywords

  • Breast Cancer
  • Cervical Cancer
  • Endometrial Cancer
  • IRISH Journal
  • Benign Breast Disease