Skip to main content
Log in

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Institutional subscriptions

References

  1. Boyle, P. J. and Conway, E. J. Potassium accumulation in muscle and associated changes. J. Physiol. 1941: 100, 1–63.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Boyle, P. J., Conway, E. J., Kane, F. and O’Reilly, H. L. Volume of interfibre spaces in frog muscle and the calculation of concentrations in the fibre water. J. Physiol. 1941: 99, 401–414

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Kernan, R. P. Sources of electrical potential across membranes. Ir. J. med. Sci. 1980: 149, 137–147.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. O’Donovan, D. J. Ammonia metabolism during acid-base disturbance. Ir. J. med. Sci. 1985: 154, 253–261.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Roddie, I. C. The transmembrane potential changes associated with smooth muscle activity in turtle arteries and veins. J. Physiol. 1962: 163, 138–150.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Roddie, I. C. Human responses to emotional stress. Ir. J. med. Sci. 1980: 146, 395–417.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Salvato, G. Mechanisms of the asthma attack. Br. Med. J. 1976: 2, 179.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Karczewski, W. and Widdicombe, J. G. The role of the vagus nerves in the respiratory and circulatory responses to intravenous histamine and phenyl diguanide in rabbits. J. Physiol. 1969: 201, 271–291.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Kirkpatrick, C. T. Nervous control of airways muscle tone. Bull. Eur. Physiopathol. Respir. 1984: 20, 389–394.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Cameron, A. R. and Kirkpatrick, C. T. A study of excitatory neuromuscular transmission in the bovine trachea. J. Physiol. 1977: 270, 733–745.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Cameron, A. R., Johnston, C. F., Kirkpatrick, C. T. and Kirkpatrick, M. C. A. The quest for the inhibitory neurotransmitter in bovine tracheal smooth muscle. Quart. J Exp. Physiol. 1983: 68, 413–426.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Bullock, C. G., Cameron, A. R. and Kirkpatrick, C. T. The ultrastructure of bovine tracheal smooth muscle. J. Ultrastruct. Res. 1982: 81, 290–305.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Brading, A. F., Bulbring, E. and Tomita, T. The effect of sodium and calcium on the action potential of the smooth muscle of the guinea-pig taenia coli. J. Physiol. 1969: 200, 637–654.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Bulbring, E. Membrane potentials of smooth muscle fibres of the taenia coli of the guinea-pig. J. Physiol. 1954: 125, 302–315.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Bulbring, E., Casteels, R. and Kuriyama, H. Membrane potential and ion content in cat and guinea-pig myometrium and the response to adrenaline and noradrenaline. Br. J. Pharmac. 1968: 34, 388–407.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Funaki, S. Electrical and mechanical activity of isolated smooth muscle from the portal vein of the rat. Symp. elect. activ. innerv. blood vessels, Cambridge, 1966. Bibl. anat. 1966: 8, 5–10.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Golenhofen, K. Slow rhythms in smooth muscle (minuterhythm). In Smooth Muscle, ed. Bulbring, E., Brading, A. F., Jones, A. W. and Tomita, T. 1970, pp. 316–342. London: Arnold.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Kirkpatrick, C. T. Excitation and contraction in bovine tracheal smooth muscle. J. Physiol. 1975: 244, 263–281.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Kroeger, E. A. Mechanical and electrophysiological properties of airway smooth muscle and the effect of hypoxia. M.Sc. Thesis. 1968. Winnipeg: Univ. of Manitoba.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Kroeger, E. A. and Stephens, N. L. Effect of tetraethylammonium on tonic airway smooth muscle: initiation of phasic electrical activity. Am. J. Physiol. 1975: 228, 633–637.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Suzuki, H., Morita, K. and Kuriyama, H. Innervation and properties of the smooth muscle of the dog trachea. Jap J. Physiol. 1976: 303–320.

  22. Mekata, F. Electrophysiological studies of the smooth muscle cell membrane of the rabbit common carotid artery. J. gen. Physiol. 1971: 57, 738–751.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Bolton, T. B., Lang, R. J., Takewaki, T. and Benham, C. D. Patch and whole-cell voltage clamp of single mammalian visceral and vascular smooth muscle cells. Experientia. 1985: 41, 887–894.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. Kirkpatrick, C. T. Spontaneous spikes in tracheal smooth muscle produced by tetraethylammonium chloride. Ir. J. med. Sci. 1973: 142, 40.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Kirkpatrick, C. T. Various mechanisms of excitation-contraction coupling in bovine tracheal smooth muscle. J. Physiol. 1974: 236, 28–29P.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Dixon, J. S. and Small, R. C. Evidence of poor conduction of muscle excitation in the longitudinal axis of guinea-pig isolated trachea. Br. J. Pharmac. 1983: 79, 75–83.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. Fettes, J., Kirkpatrick, C. T., Morrow, R. J. and Tomita, T. Spontaneous and induced slow-wave activity in bovine tracheal smooth muscle. J. Physiol. 1981: 312, 54P.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Kirkpatrick, C. T. Tracheobronchial smooth muscle. In: Smooth Muscle: an assessment of current knowledge. Ed. by Bulbring, E., Brading, A. F., Jones, A. W. and Tomita, T. Chapter 18, pp. 385–395. 1975. London: E. J. Arnold.

    Google Scholar 

  29. Bose, R. and Bose, D. Excitation-contraction coupling in multiunit tracheal smooth muscle during metabolic depletion: induction of rhythmicity. Am. J. Physiol. 1977: 233, C8-C13.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. Fettes, J. J. F. Slow wave phenomena in bovine tracheal smooth muscle: an introductory study. B.Sc. Thesis. The Queen’s University of Belfast. 1980.

  31. Allen, S. L., Beech, D. J., Foster, R. W., Morgan, G. P. and Small, R. C. Electrophysiological and other aspects of the relaxant action of isoprenaline in guinea-pig trachealis. Br. J. Pharmac. 1985: 86, 843–854.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  32. Honda, K., Satake, T., Takagi, K. and Tomita, T. Effects of relaxants on electrical and mechanical activities in the guinea-pig tracheal muscle. Br. J. Pharmac. 1986: 87, 665–671.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  33. Ohba, M., Sakomoto, Y. and Tomita, T. The slow wave in the circular muscle of the guinea-pig stomach. J. Physiol. 1975: 253, 505–516.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  34. Ohba, M., Sakomoto, Y. and Tomita, T. Effects of sodium, potassium and calcium ions on the slow wave in the circular muscle of the guinea-pig stomach. J. Physiol. 1977: 267, 167–180.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  35. Kirkpatrick, C. T. and Bullock, C. G. Ion distribution in bovine tracheal smooth muscle and its modification by histamine. Ir. J. med. Sci. 1986: 155, 67–73.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  36. Aickin, C. C. and Brading, A. F. Advances in the understanding of transmembrane ionic gradients and permeabilities in smooth muscle obtained by using ion-selective micro-electrodes. Experientia. 1985: 41, 879–887.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  37. Kernan, R. P., MacDermott, M. and Westphal, W. Measurement of chloride activity within frog sartorius muscle fibres by means of chloride-sensitive microelectrodes. J. Physiol. 1976: 241, 60P.

    Google Scholar 

  38. Somlyo, A. P., Wasserman, A. J., Kitazawa, T., Bond, M., Shuman, H. and Somlyo, A. V. Calcium and sodium distribution and movements in smooth muscle. Experientia 1985: 41, 981–988.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  39. Wahlstrom, B. A. A study of the action of noradrenaline on ionic content and sodium, potassium and chloride effluxes in the rat portal vein Acta physiol. Scand. 1974: 89, 522–530.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Bolton, T. B., Clark, J. P., Kitamura, K. and Lang, R. J. Evidence that histamine and carbachol open the same ionic channels in longitudinal smooth muscle of guinea-pig ileum. J. Physiol. 1981: 320, 363–379.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  41. Bolton, T. B. Mechanisms of action of transmitters and other substances on smooth muscle. Physiol Rev. 1979: 59, 607–718.

    Google Scholar 

  42. Itoh, T., Ueno, H., Kuriyama, H. Calcium-induced calcium release mechanism in vascular smooth muscles — assessments based on contractions evoked in intact and saponin-treated skinned muscles. Experientia. 1985: 41, 989–996.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  43. Somlyo, A. V. and Somlyo, A. P. Electromechanical and pharmacomechanical coupling in vascular smooth muscle. J. Pharmac. exp. Ther. 1968: 159, 129–145.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  44. Kirkpatrick, C. T., Jenkinson, H. A. and Cameron, A. R. Interaction between drugs and potassium-rich solutions in producing contraction in bovine tracheal smooth muscle: studies in normal and calcium-depleted tissues. Clin. exp. Pharmac. Physiol. 1975: 2, 559–570.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  45. Baba, K., Kawanishi, M., Satake, T. and Tomita, T. Effects of verapamil on the contractions of guinea-pig tracheal muscle induced by Ca, Sr and Ba. Br. J. Pharmac. 1985: 84, 203–311.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  46. Baba, K., Satake, T., Takagi, K. and Tomita, T. Effects of verapamil on the response of the guinea-pig tracheal muscle to carbachol. Br. J. Pharmac 1986: 88, 441–449.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  47. Somlyo, A. P. and Somlyo, A. V. Biophysics of smooth muscle excitation and contraction. In Airway Dynamics— Physiology and Pharmacology. Ed. Bouhuys, A. 1970. pp. 209–228. Springfield, III.: Thomas.

    Google Scholar 

  48. Somlyo, A. V. and Somlyo, A. P. Strotium accumulation by sarcoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria in vascular smooth muscle. Science, N.Y. 1971: 174, 955–957.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  49. Hartshorne, D. J. and Siemankowski, R. F. Regulation of smooth muscle actomyosin. Ann. Rev. Physiol. 1981: 43, 519–530.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

The Conway Review Lecture of the Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland, presented on Thursday 26th June 1986 at the summer meeting of the Biological Sciences Section, St. James’s Hospital, Dublin.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kirkpatrick, C.T. A biophysical approach to bronchospasm. I.J.M.S. 156, 205–210 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02954041

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02954041

Keywords

Navigation