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Moniliformin accumulation in kernels of oats used for food and feed purposes

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Abstract

Inoculation experiments with 12 genotypes of oats (9 lines: CHD 894, CHD 1095, CHD 1296, CHD 1607, CHD 1653, CHD 1692, STH 2293, STH 2393, STH 2494, STH 2694 and 2 cultivars: Farys, Slawko) were performed during the vegetation seasons of 1999 — 2000 in Zamosc region in the South — Eastern part of Poland.

Panicles of oats were inoculated with a conidial suspension ofFusarium avenaceum, which caused the following average reductions of traits: yield by 37.8 % and weight of 1000 kernels by 40.2 % respectively.

The highest susceptibility to scab development caused by theF. avenaceum inoculation was found particularly for two lines (CHD 894, and CHD 1296) while cultivar Farys and line CHD 1607 exhibited the highest resistance to the disease in terms of TKW and yield reductions after inoculation. During 2 consecutive years (1999 and 2000 respectively) the average level of moniliformin accumulation (mg/kg) in positive samples was respectively 0.51 and 0.12 the highest being 1.11 and 0.26, while the lowest was 0.30 and 0.01.

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Abbreviations

FHB —:

Fusarium head blight

WKH —:

weight of kernels per head

TKW —:

thousand kernels weight

MON —:

moniliformin

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Golinski, P., Kiecana, I., Mielniczuk, E. et al. Moniliformin accumulation in kernels of oats used for food and feed purposes. Mycotox Res 18, 67–76 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02946699

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