Skip to main content
Log in

Mycotoxins in potato tubers infected byFusarium sambucinum

  • Published:
Mycotoxin Research Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Potato tubers artificially infected withF. sambucinum were contaminated with diacetoxyscirpenol in concentrations up to 200 μ/tuber. The toxin could also be found in tubers without any disease symptoms. The duration of storage and an increased temperature raised toxin production in infected tubers. Susceptibility of potato cultivars towardsF. sambucinum was well correlated with toxin levels. The concentration of diacetoxyscirpenol in the susceptible cultivar was five times higher compared to the more resistant one. The toxin could not only be found in rotten tuber tissue but also in distant healthy looking parts. There is a gradient in toxin concentrations showing a strong decline with an increasing distance from the infection point. Tissue being 10–15 mm far from the diseased area contained up to 110 μg/kg. Consumers should pay attention to the fact that cutting out the diseased tissue may be not sufficient enough to prevent the intake of mycotoxins.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Latus-Zietkiewicz D, Perkowski J, Chelkowski J (1995) Mycotoxins production pathogenicity and toxicity ofFusarium species isolated from potato tubers with dry rot injuries. Microbiol. —Alim. —Nutr. 13: 87–100.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Anonymus (2002) German Federal Census Office http://www.destatis.de/jahrbuch/jahrtab21.htm.

  3. Stachewicz H, Lagerfaulen bei Kartoffeln — Bedeutung und Bekämpfung. Kartoffelanbau (1998) 49: 1–3.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Desjardins A E, Plattner R D J (1989) Trichothecene toxin production by strains of Gibberella pulicaris (Fusarium sambucinum) in liquid culture and potato tubers. J. Agric. Food Chem. 37: 388–392.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. El-Banna A, Scott P M, Lau P-Y, Sakuma T, Platt H W, Campbell V (1984) Formation of trichothecenes byFusarium solani var. coerulium andFusa- rium sambucinum in potatoes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 47(5): 1169–1171.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Jelen H H, Mirocha C J, Wasowicz E, Kaminski E (1995) Production of volatile sesquiterpenes byFusarium sambucinum strains with different abilities to synthesize trichothecenes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61(11): 3815–3820.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Kim Y-C, Lee Y-W (1994) Sambutoxin a new mycotoxin produced by toxicFusarium isolates obtained from rotten potato tubers. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60: 4380–4385

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Lafont P, Girard T, Payen J, Sarfati J, Gaillardin M (1983) Contamination de pommes de terre de consommation par des fusariotrichothecenes. Micro- biol.-Alim.-Nutr. 1: 147–152.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ellner, F.M. Mycotoxins in potato tubers infected byFusarium sambucinum . Mycotox Res 18, 57–61 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02946697

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02946697

Keywords

Navigation