Mycotoxicological control on raw material and tablets of cascara sagrada (Rhamnus purshiana)
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Among phytotherapic medicines, tablets of cascara sagrada (Rhamnus purshiana) dried bark, usually used as laxative, are commercially widespread in our market. Taking into account natural origin and/or inappropriate procedures that may allow the occurrence of toxinogenic Aspergillus flavus group, a study on susceptibility to aflatoxin contamination and natural aflatoxin incidence was performed by TLC and HPLC methods. This survey allows one to conclude that bark of Cascara Sagrada is a good substrate for the growth of A. parasiticus NRRL 2999 and for aflatoxins production. Natural anatoxins presence was detected on 2 from 9 raw material samples. One of them (irradiated sample) had only aflatoxin B1 (10 μg/kg) and the other (pasteurized) was positive for aflatoxin B1 (19 μg/kg); G1 (6 μg/kg) and B2 (1.46 μg/kg). Only one from 10 lots of tablets analyzed was positive for aflatoxin B1 (5.42 μg/kg) and B2 (0.32 μg/kg).Therefore, adequate quality control including an aflatoxins assay must be performed to guarantee the harmlessness of natural drugs.
KeywordsAflatoxin Aflatoxin Production Mycotoxin Research Aflatoxin Contamination Immunoaffinity Column
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