Medical device technology has an increasingly important role in surgical procedures. In this article, five case studies of bioengineering in surgery are described as follows: computer-aided design of vascular grafts; middle-ear prostheses; hip prosthesis stems for optimal cement pressurisation; prototype development of a device for measurement of abdominal sounds for monitoring digestive tract activity and a hand-access device for laparoscopic surgery. In each case, new bioengineering design methodologies are demonstrated. The general principles underlying the application of bioengineering in surgery are discussed.
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This paper was read, in part, at a joint meeting of the Section of Surgery and the Section of Bioengineering on March 15th 1998.
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Prendergast, P.J., Beverland, D.E., Blayney, A.W. et al. Modelling medical devices: The application of bioenginering in surgery. Ir. J. Med. Sc. 168, 3–7 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02939570