The neuronal phosphoprotein B-50/GAP-43 has been implicated in neuritogenesis during developmental stages of the nervous system and in regenerative processes and neuronal plasticity in the adult. The protein appears to be a member of a family of acidic substrates of protein kinase C (PKC) that bind calmodulin at low calcium concentrations. Two of these substrates, B-50 and neurogranin, share the primary sequence coding for the phospho- and calmodulin-binding sites and might exert similar functions in axonal and dendritic processes, respectively. In the adult brain, B-50 is exclusively located at the presynaptic membrane. During neuritogenesis in cell culture, the protein is translocated to the growth cones, i.e., into the filopodia. In view of many positive correlations between B-50 expression and neurite outgrowth and the specific localization of B-50, a role in growth cone function has been proposed. Its phosphorylation state may regulate the local intracellular free calmodulin and calcium concentrations or vice versa. Both views link the B-50 protein to processes of signal transduction and transmitter release.
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Gispen, W.H., Nielander, H.B., De Graan, P.N.E. et al. Role of the growth-associated protein B-50/GAP-43 in neuronal plasticity. Mol Neurobiol 5, 61–85 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02935540
- growth-associated proteins
- cDNA cloning
- protein kinase C
- calmodulin binding
- immune localization
- pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells
- NGF induction
- growth cones
- transmitter release