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Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 185–193 | Cite as

Production of azadirachtin from plant tissue culture: State of the art and future prospects

  • Gunjan Prakash
  • Sant S. Bhojwani
  • Ashok K. Srivastava
Article

Abstract

With increasing awareness towards environment-friendly and non-toxic pesticide azadirachtin obtained from neem tree (Azadirachta indica) is gaining more and more importance. Its broad-spectrum activity, peculiar mode of action. eco-friendly and non-toxic action towards beneficial organisms has offered many advantages over chemical pesticides. All currently use commercial formulations based on azadirachtin contains azadirachtin extracted from seeds of naturally grown whole plants which is labour intensive process depending upon many uncontrollable geographical and climatic factors. Plant tissue culture can be a potential process for the production, offering consistent, stable and controlled supply of this bioactive compound, However the research on tissue culture aspects of production are in preliminary stage and requires culture and process optimization for the development of a commercially viable process. This review states the present status and future challenges of plant tissue culture for azadirachtin production.

Keywords

azadirachtin callus culture suspension culture bioreactor 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gunjan Prakash
    • 1
  • Sant S. Bhojwani
    • 2
  • Ashok K. Srivastava
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemical Engineering and BiotechnologyIndian Institute of TechnologyNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Dayalbagh Education InstituteAgraIndia

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