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Process development for the enzymatic hydrolysis of food protein: Effects of pre-treatment and post-treatments on degree of hydrolysis and other product characteristics

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An enzymatic process was developed to produce protein hydrolysate from defatted soya protein. Various unit operations were tried, and the effects of pre- and post-treatments on the product characteristics such as degree of hydrolysis (DH), free amino acid content (%FAA) and average molecular weight (MW) were investigated. The use of acid washes showed no difference in %DH. Increasing pH during pre-cooking gave lower %DH. Alkaline cooking made too much insoluble protein, thus the protein yield was too small. A better hydrolysis with more acceptable taste was obtained when the combination of Neutrase/Alcalase/Flavourzyme was used in place of Alcalase/Flavourzyme combination. Untoasted defatted soya was more effective on the proteolysis than toasted one. The MW of the evaporated and spray dried product was higher than that of undried product, due to precipitation of low-solubility components. When the product separation was carried out by ultrafiltration and the product concentration by reverse osmosis, the solubility and the taste of the product were improved. The difference between enzyme hydrolysate and acid hydrolysate was significant in free amino acid composition, especially in tyrosine, phenylalanine, glutamine and asparagine.

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Correspondence to Hee Jeong Chae.

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Chae, H.J., In, MJ. & Kim, MH. Process development for the enzymatic hydrolysis of food protein: Effects of pre-treatment and post-treatments on degree of hydrolysis and other product characteristics. Biotechnol. Bioprocess Eng. 3, 35–39 (1998).

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