Skip to main content
Log in

Müllerian duct cyst: Ultrasonographic and computed tomographic spectrum

  • Published:
Urologic radiology


A Müllerian duct cyst (MDC) is the persistent remnant of the Müllerian duct. Reports of symptomatic cases are rare; signs and symptoms mclude perineal pain, dysuria, infertility, hematuria and genital inflammation. The prevalence of MDC has been previously reported as 4% of newborns and 1% in adult males. Herein we report six cases encountered in the past year. Our detection percentage was 1% and is compatible with the reported values. The imaging evaluation of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with MDC is discussed as well as the apparent discrepancy between the number of previously reported cases and the reported prevalence.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Moore V, Howe GE: Müllerian duct remnants in the male.J Urol 70:781–788, 1953

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Gray SW, Skandalakin JE:Embryology for Surgeons: The Embryological Basis for the Treatment of Congenital Defects. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1972, pp 608–610

    Google Scholar 

  3. Felderman, T, Schellhammer PF, Devine CJ, Stecker JF: Müllerian duct cysts: conservative management.Urology 29:31–34, 1987

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Tank ES, Hatch DA: Müllerian remnant causing bladder outlet obstruction.J Pediatr Surg 1:77–80, 1986

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Sharlip ID: Obstructive azoospermia or oligospermia due to Müllerian duct cyst.Fertil Steril 41:298–303, 1984

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Schuhrke TD, Kaplan GW: Prostatic utricle cysts (Müllerian duct cysts).J Urol 119:765–767, 1978

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Devine CJ Jr, Gonzalez-Serva L, Stecker JF Jr, Devine PC, Horton CE: Utricular configuration in hypospadias and intersex.J Urol 123:407–411, 1980

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Weyman PJ, McClennan BL: Computed tomography and ultrasonography in the evaluation of mesonephric duct anomalies.Urol Radiol 1:29–37, 1979

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Thornhill BA, Morehouse HT, Coleman P, Hoffman-Tretin JC: Prostatic abscess: CT and sonographic findings.AJR 148:899–900, 1987

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Cements R, Bowyer FM: Hydatid disease of the pelvis.Clin Radiol 37:375, 1986

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Deklotz RJ: Echinococcal cyst involving the prostate and seminal vesicles: a case report.J Urol 115:116–117, 1976

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Elder JS, Mostwin JL: Cyst of the ejaculatory duct/urogenital sinus.J Urol 132:768–771, 1984

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Slocum RC: Müllerian duct cysts.Trans South East Sect Am Urol Ass 18:26–33, 1954

    Google Scholar 

  14. Hiraoka Y, Minowa T, Tozuka D, Nakagami Y, Chin H: A case of utriculus prostaticus stone.Jpn J Clin Urol 37:349–351, 1983

    Google Scholar 

  15. Iwai A, Nakatsuji F, Matsuki H, Hirao Y: A case of recurrent cyst of Müllerian duct.Acta Urol Jpn 30:1471–1477, 1984

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Takeuchi H, Yoshida O: Müllerian duct cyst in a child.Acta Urol Jpn 28:593–596, 1982

    Google Scholar 

  17. Miura T, Takahashi G: A case of ectopic opening of vas deferens into Müllerian duct cyst.Acta Urol Jpn 28:173–176, 1982

    Google Scholar 

  18. Poppel HV, Vereecken R, DE Geeter P, Verduyn H: Hemospermia owing to utricular cyst: embryological summary and surgical review.J Urol 129:608–609, 1983

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  19. Schwartz J, et al.: CT of midline cysts of the prostate.JCAT 12:215–218, 1988

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Thurnber S, Hricak H, Tanagho EA: Müllerian duct cyst: diagnosis with MR imaging.Radiology 168:25–28, 1988

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Additional information

This report had been presented in the Annual Meeting of Japanese Radiology Association, 1989

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Higashi, T.S., Takizawa, K., Suzuki, S. et al. Müllerian duct cyst: Ultrasonographic and computed tomographic spectrum. Urol Radiol 12, 39–44 (1990).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Key words