A relationship between solar activity and frequency of natural disasters in China

Abstract

The relationship between the length of the solar cycle, a good indicator of long-term change in solar activity, and natural disasters (drought, flood, and strong earthquakes) in China during the last 108 years is analyzed. The results suggest that the length of solar cycle may be a useful indicator for drought/flood and strong earthquakes. When the solar activity strengthens, we see the length of the solar cycle shorten and more floods occur in South China and frequent strong earthquakes happen in the Tibetan Plateau, but the droughts in East China as well as the strong earthquakes in Taiwan and at the western boundary of China are very few. The opposite frequencies occur when the solar activity weakens. The current study indicates that the solar activity may play an important role in the climate extremes and behavior in the lithosphere.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Barliaeva, T. V., M. I. Paudovkin, and A. L. Morozova, 2001: Variations of the number of weak and strong earthquakes for 1997–1998 years and their possible precursors.Physics and Chemistry of the Earth.,26(C), 801–805.

    Google Scholar 

  2. China Seismological Bureau, 1977:Catalog of Strong Earthquakes in China. Earthquake Press, Beijing, 19pp. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Chinese Academy of Meteorology Sciences, 1981:The 500 Years’ Distribution Figure of Drought and Flood in China. Atlas Press, Beijing, 332pp. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Duma, G., and G. Vilardo, 1998: Seismicity cycles in the Mt. Vesuvius area and their relation to solar flux and the variations of the earth’s magnetic field.Physics and Chemistry of the Earth,23, 927–931.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Feng Song, and Tang Maocang, 1997: Solar activity and change of temperature in the past 2500 years.Quaternary Sciences,17(1), 28–36. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  6. Feng Song, and Tang Maocang, 1998: Preliminary prediction of climate change in the coming 30 and 300 years.Contemporary Climatic Variations over Qinghai— Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau and their Influences on Environments, Chapter 10, Tang Maocang, Ed., Guangdong Science and Technology Press, Guangzhou, 209–222. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  7. Frris-Christensen, E., and K. Lassen, 1991: Length of the solar cycle: An indicator of solar activity closely associated with climate.Science,254, 698–700.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Gans, R. A., and J. B. Nelson, 1988:Catalog of Significant Earthquakes 2000B. C.-1979. Translated by Lu Zhenheng and Feng Hao, Earthquake Press, Beijing, 229pp. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Gong Daoyi, and Wang Shaowu, 2000: Severe summer rainfall in China associated with enhanced global warming.Cli. Res.,16, 51–59.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Hameed, S. and Gong Gaofa, 1994: Variation of spring climate in the lower-middle Yangtse River valley and its relation with solar-cycle length.Geophys. Res. Lett.,21, 2693–2696.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Hoyt, D. V., and K. H. Schatten, 1997:The Role of the Sun in Climate Change. Oxford University Press, New York, 279pp.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Institute of Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1976:Catalog of Strong Earthquakes in China (780B. C.-1976). Atlas Press, Beijing, 29pp. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  13. Jakubcova, I., and M. Pick, 1987: Correlation between solar motion, earthquakes and other geophysical phenomena.Annals Geophysics (B),5, 135–142.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Kelly, P. M., and T. M. L. Wigley, 1992: Solar cycle length, greenhouse forcing and global climate.Nature,360, 328–330.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Kerr, R. A., 1991: Could the sun be warming the climate?Science,254, 652–653.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Lassen, K., and E. Frris-Christensen, 1995: Variability of the solar cycle length during the past five centuries and the apparent association with terrestrial climate.J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.,57, 835–845.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Lawrence, E. N., 2002: Changes of phase in sunspot-rain and sunspot-temperature patterns.Weather,57(7), 261–264.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Liao Dechun, and Liao Xinhao, 2001: New evidence for possible impact of solar activity on long-term fluctuation of the earth rotation.Chinese Sci. Bull.,46, 905–908.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Shaltout, M. A. M., M. T. Y. Tadros, and S. L. Mesiha, 1999: Power spectra analysis for world-wide and North Africa historical earthquake data in relation with sunspot periodicities.Renewable Energy,17, 499–507.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Shanker, D., N. Japur, and V. P. Singh, 2001: On the spatio-temporal distribution of global seismicity and rotation of the earth-A review.Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica,36(2), 175–187.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Tang Maocang, and Gao Xiaoqing, 1997a: Some statistical characteristics of geothermal vortex in China during 1980–1993. Part I: Spatial-temporal distribution of “undergroud hot vortex”.Science in China (Ser. D),40, 561–568.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Tang Maocang, and Gao Xiaoqing, 1997b: Some statistical characteristics of geothermal vortex in China during 1980–1993. Part II: Statistical correlation between “undergroud hot vortex” and earthquake.Science in China (Ser. D),40, 569–576.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Tang Maocang, and Tang Chi, 2002: Climatic condition and Chinese history (II): “Good (Bad) climate condition” and “Peaceful (Trouble) times in Chinese history”.Plateau Meteorology,21(1), 15–19. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  24. Tang Maocang, Zhang Jian, and Yang Liang, 1992: The correlation analyses between drought/flood and earthquake in China.Science in China (Ser. B),8, 889–896. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  25. Tang Maocang, Zhang Jian, and Yang Liang, 1994: The correlation analysis between the strong earthquake in Taiwan and drought/flood in the east of China during recently 40 years.Plateau Meteorology,13(1), 35–43. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  26. Tang Maocang, Bai Chongyuan, and Liu Xiaodong, 1998: Recent climate change in the Plateau.Contemporary Climatic Variations over Qinghai—Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau and their Influences on Environments, Chapter 6, Tang Maocang, Ed., Guangdong Science and Technology Press, Guangzhou, 121–143. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  27. Tang Maocang, Liu Yanxiang, and Guo Weidong, 2001: Climatic condition and Chinese history. Part I: SCL and Chinese climate.Plateau Meteorology,20(4), 368–373. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  28. Thejll, P., and K. Lassen, 2000: Solar forcing of the Northern Hemisphere land air temperature: New data.J. Atmos. Solar-Terrestrial Physics,62, 1207–1213.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Wang Shaowu, Gong Daoyi, and Chen Zhenhua, 1999: Serious climatic disasters of China during the past 100 years.Quart. J. Appl. Meteor.,10(Supp), 43–53. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  30. Wang Zhongrui, 2001: The preliminary study of prediction of Chinese precipitation during flood season by method of “DiQiTu”. Ph. D. dissertation, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 47pp.

  31. Wei Jie, Tang Maocang, Feng Song, and Zhang Li, 1999: Interdecadal fluctuation of Asian summer monsoon and their relation to astronomical factors.Plateau Meteorology,18(2), 179–184. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  32. Wilks, D. S., 1995:Statistical Methods in the Atmospheric Sciences. Academic Press, San Diego, 355pp.

    Google Scholar 

  33. Xie Yushou, and Cai Meibiao, 1983:The Compilation of Historical Chinese Earthquake Data(Vol.5). Science Press, Beijing, 782pp. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  34. Xie Yushou, and Cai Meibiao, 1986:The Compilation of Historical Chinese Earthquake Data (Vol.4(II)). Science Press, Beijing, 258pp. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  35. Yao, C. S., 1982: A statistical approach to historical records of flood/drought.J. Appl. Meteor.,21, 588–594.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Zhao Zhenguo, 1999:Summer Drought/flood and Environment Field in China. China Meteorological Press, Beijing, 297pp. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Wang Zhongrui.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Zhongrui, W., Feng, S. & Maocang, T. A relationship between solar activity and frequency of natural disasters in China. Adv. Atmos. Sci. 20, 934–939 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02915516

Download citation

Key words

  • length of the solar cycle
  • natural disasters
  • drought
  • flood
  • earthquake