Skip to main content
Log in

The evolution of coupling of Asian winter monsoon and high latitude climate of Northern Hemisphere

Grain evidence from 8.1 Ma loess-red clay sequence on the Chinese central Loess Plateau

  • Published:
Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The evolution and driving mechanism of the Asian winter monsoon system are of great importance to understanding the present-day climate. Through high-resolution particle size analysis of the oldest loess-red clay sequence known so far (with a basal age of about 8 Ma) and comparison of the results with oxygen isotope curves from North Atlantic marine sediments, 4 stages of the evolution of the Asian winter monsoon were clearly demonstrated. During the first stage, between about 8.1 and 4.3 Ma, there was no relation between Asian winter monsoon and Northern Hemisphere ice volume and high latitude climate inferred from marine sediments. A weak relation developed during the second stage, about 4.3 to 3.5 Ma. During the third stage (3.5 to 2.6 Ma) an Asian winter monsoon system similar to the present formed, initiating a stronger relation between the winter monsoon and Northern Hemisphere ice volume and high latitude climate. In the final stage (2.6 to 0 Ma) the present Asian winter monsoon system was fortified and stabilized and changes in the winter monsoon system were almost in phase with Northern Hemisphere ice volume and climate. The staggered uplift of Tibetan Plateau at ≈8, 3.6, 2.6 Ma and later might be the driving force for the evolution of the Asian winter monsoon.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. An, Z. S., Kukla, G., Porter, S. C. et al., Late Quaternary dust flow on the Chinese Loess Plateau, Catena, 1991, 18: 125–132.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Porter, S. C., An Zhisheng, Correlation between climate events in the North Atlantic and China during the last glaciation. Nature, 1995, (375): 305–308.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Xiao Jule, Porter, S. C., An Zhisheng et al., Grain size of quartz as an indicator of winter monsoon strength on the loess plateau of central China during the last 130 000 yr, Quarternary Research, 1995, (43): 22–29.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Ding, Z. L., Xiong, X. F., Sun, J. M. et al., Pedostratigraphy and paleomagnetism of a ≈7.0 Ma.B.P. eolian loess-red clay sequence at Lingtai, Loess Plateau, north-central China and the implications for paleomonsoon evolution, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 1999, 152: 49–66.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Rea, D. K., Snoeckx, H., Joseph, L. H., Late Cenozoic eolian deposition in the North Pacific: Asian drying, Tibetan uplift, and cooling of the northern hemisphere, Paleoceanography, 1998, 13: 215–224.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Ding, Z. L., Sun, J. M., Zhu, Z. X. et al., Eolian origin of the red clay deposits in the Loess Plateau and implications for Pliocene climate changes, Quat. Sci. (in Chinese with English abstract), 1997, (2): 148–157.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Guo, Z. T., Peng, S. Z., Hao, Q. Z., Late Tertiary development of aridification in northwestern China: like with the arctic ice-sheet formation and Tibetan uplifts. Quat. Sci. (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, (6): 556–567.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Song, Y. G., Fang, X. M., Li, J. J. et al., Age of red clay at Chaona section near eastern Liupanshan Mts. and its tectonic significance, Quaternary Science (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 20(5): 457–463.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Ding, Z. L., Sun, J. M., Liu, T. S. et al., Wind-blown origin of the Pliocene red clay formation in the central Loess Plateau China, EPSL, 1998, 161: 135–143.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Liu, X. M., An, Z. S., Qiang, X. K. et al., The primary study on magnetism of the Tertiary red-clay and the significance of Paleo-climate, Science in China (in Chinese), Ser. D, 2001, 31(3): 191–205.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Ding, Z. L., Yu, Z. W., Rutter, N. W. et al., Towards an orbital time scale for Chinese loess deposits Quat. Sci. Rev., 1994, 13: 39–70.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Heslop, D., Langereis, C. G., Dekkers, M. J., A new astronomical timescale for the loess deposits of Northern China, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2000, 184: 125–139.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Shackleton, N. J., Hall, M. A., Pate, D., Pliocene stable isotope stratigraphy of Site 846, Proceedings of Ocean Drilling Program Scientific Results, 1995, 138: 337–355.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Shackleton, N. J., Berger, A., Peltier, W.R., An alternative astronomical calibration of the lower Pleistocene time scale based on ODP site 667, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Edinburgh, 1990, 81: 251–261.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Liu, T.S. et al., Loess and the Environment, Beijing: Science Press, 1985.

    Google Scholar 

  16. An, Z. S., Kukla, G., Porter, S. C. et al., Magnetic susceptibility evidence of monsoon variation on the loess plateau of central China during the last 130,000 years, Quaternary Research, 1991, 36: 29–36.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Ruddiman, W.F., Kutzbach, J.E., Foreing of late Cenozoic northern hemisphere climate by plateau uplift in southern Asia and the American West. J. Geophys. Res., 1989, 94: 18409–18427.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Kutzbach, J.E., Guetter, P.J., Ruddiman, W. J., et al., Sensitivity of climate to late Cenozoic uplift in southern Asia and the American West, J. Geophys. Res. 1989, 94: 18393–18407.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Ye, D. Z., Gao, Y. X., Meteorology of Tibet Plateau (in Chinese), Beijing: Science Press, 1979, 1–257.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Li, J.J., Fang, X.M., Ma, H.Z. et al., Geomorphological and environmental evolution in the upper reaches of Huang He during the Late Cenozoic, Science in China, Ser. D., 1996, 39(4): 380–390.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Fang, X.-M., Li, J.-J., Van der Voo, R., Paleomagnetic/rock-magnetic and grain size evidence for intensified Asian atmospheric circulation since 800 kyrs, Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 1999, 165: 129–144.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Lü, L., Fang, X., Mason, J.A. et al. The evolution of coupling of Asian winter monsoon and high latitude climate of Northern Hemisphere. Sci. China Ser. D-Earth Sci. 44 (Suppl 1), 185–191 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02911986

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02911986

Keywords

Navigation