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Economic Botany

, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 152–158 | Cite as

Osteophloeum platyspermum andVirola duckei (myristicaceae): newly reported as hallucinogens from Amazonian Ecuador

  • B. C. Bennett
  • Rocío Alarcón
Article

Abstract

Quijos Quichua collaborators identifiedOsteophloeum platyspermum andVirola duckei (Myristicaceae) as sources of a psychoactive sap. This is the first reported hallucinogenic use of Myristicaceae from Ecuador. Species in Malpighiaceae and Solanaceae are more common sources of hallucinogens, but older Quichua still employ these myristicaceous species.Virola is used widely as a hallucinogen in other parts of Amazonia but there are no previous reports on the psychoactive use ofO. platyspermum. Field tests for the presence of alkaloids using Dragendorffs reagent were positive for both species. Like the Bora and Witoto in Peru, the Quijos Quichua consume myristicaceous hallucinogens orally. Most other indigenous peoples prepare psychoactive snuffs from the bark and sap.

Key Words

psychoactive hallucinogen Virola Osteophloeum Ecuador Quijos Quichua 

Osteophloeum platyspermum y Virola duckei (Myristicaceae): Alucinógenicos Nuevamente Recordado de Amazonia Ecuatoriana

Zusammenfassung

Quijos Quichua colaboradores identificaronOsteophloeum platyspermum yVirola duckei (Myristicaceae) como fuentes de una savia psicoáctivo. Éste es el primer reporte de uso alucinógenico de Myristicaceae en Ecuador. Especies de Malpighiaceae y Solanaceae son fuentes más comúnes de alucinógenos, pero los viejos Quichua todavía emplean especies de Myristicaceae. Virola es usado frecuentemente como un alucinógeno en otras panes de Amazonía pero no hay ningunos informes anteriores sobre el uso psicoáctivo deO. platyspermum. Pruebas de campo para la presencia de alcaloides empleando el reactivo Dragendorff eran positivas para ambos especies. Como el Bora y Witoto en Perú, los Quijos Quichua consumen alucinógenos de Myristicaceous oralmente. La mayoría de otras gentes indígenas preparan rapés psicoáctivo desde la corteza y savia.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. C. Bennett
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rocío Alarcón
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biological ScienceFlorida International UniversityMiamiFL
  2. 2.Institute of Economic BotanyThe New York Botanical GardenBronxNew York
  3. 3.Ecociencia: Fundación Ecuatoriana de Estudios EcológicosQuitoEcuador

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