Skip to main content
Log in

An ethnobotanical study in Central Anatolia (Turkey)

Orta Anadoluda (Türkiye) Bir Etnobotanik ÇAliŞmasi

  • Published:
Economic Botany Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

This study examines both edible plants and non-food uses of plants in a limited area to provide clues for archaeologists, to interpret their findings including the reconstruction of former diets. The results are based on an ethnoarchaeological study conducted in 1994-1995 on the traditional subsistence economy of a contemporary village, in close proximity to a pre-ceramic Neolithic site, Aşikli, in the Aksaray province of Central Anatolia. As a part of this study, about 600 plant specimens were collected, of which over 300 were considered useful by the villagers. Through this study the floral potential of a limited area, and the richness of the traditional knowledge of plants was documented to provide clues to archaeologists, archaeobotanists, botanists, pharmacologists, economists, and perhaps to the planners of future local development projects.

Résumé

BU çahşmada, arkeologlara karşilaştirma malzemesi sağlamak ve geçmişte yasamis insanlann gida rejimleriyle yaşam biçimlerini yeniden oluşturabilmelerine yardimci olmak üzere, bir köyün ’erişim alani’ içindeki yenen ve diğer amaçlarla kullamlan yararh bitkiler araştinlmiştir. 1994-1995 yillannda Orta Anadolu’da Aksaray ilinde, çanak-çö mlek öncesi Neolitik döneme ait Aşikli yerleşmesine yakin modern bir köyde geleneksel geçim ekonomisini konu alan bir etnoarkeolojik çalişma gerçekleştirilmiş; bu çalişmanin bir bölümü olarak 600’e yakin bitki örneği toplanmiş ve 300’ü aşkin bitkinin köylülerce adlandirildiği ve çoğunun kullanildiğ. Bu çalişma, dar bir alandaki bitki kapasitesinin zenginliğini ve bitkilere ilişkin geleneksel bilginin derinliğini göstererek arkeologlara, arkeobotanikçilere, botanikçilere, farmakologlara, ekonomistlere ve belki yerel kalkinma projeleri hazirlayan planlamacilara önemli ipuçlari sunmaktadir.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

Literature Cited

  • Anderson, S., and F. Ertuğ-Yaraş 1998. Fuel, fodder and faeces: an ethnographic and botanical study of dung fuel use in Central Anatolia. Environmental Archaeology 1:99–108.

    Google Scholar 

  • Balick, M. J., and P. A. Cox. 1996. Plants, people and culture, the science of ethnobotany. Scientific American Library, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Baytop, T. 1984. Türkiyede bitkilerle tedavi: geçmişte ve bugön. Istanbul Üniversitesi Yayinlari, Istanbul.

    Google Scholar 

  • —. 1994. Törkçe bitki adlari sözlügü. Türk Dil Kurumu Yayinlari, Türk Kültür Dil ve Tarih Yüksek Kurumu, Ankara.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bon, M. 1987. The mushrooms and toadstools of Britain and North-western Europe. Hodder and Stoughton, London.

    Google Scholar 

  • Boulos, L. 1985. The Middle East. Pages 129–183in J. R. Goodin, and D. K. Northington, eds. Plant resources of arid and semiarid lands: a global perspective. Academic Press, Orlando.

    Google Scholar 

  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean islands. Volumes 1-10, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ertuğ-Yaraş, F. 1996. Contemporary plant gathering in Central Anatolia. Pages 945–962in Münir A. Öztürk, Özcan Seçmen, and Güven Görk, eds., Plant life in southwest and central Asia. Proceedings of the IVth plant life in Southwest Asia symposium, 21-28 May 1995. Ege University, Izmir.

    Google Scholar 

  • —. 1997. An ethnoarchaeological study of subsistence and plant gathering in Central Anatolia. Ph.D. thesis, Washington University, St. Louis.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ertuğ, F. 1998 a. Anadolu’nun önemli yağ bitkilerindenKeten/Linum velzgin/Eruca.. TÜBA-AR Turkish Academy of Sciences Journal of Archaeology 1:113–127.

    Google Scholar 

  • —. 1998 b. Orta Anadolu’da Bir Etnoarkeoloji ve Etnobotanik Çahçmasi. Pages 325–338in Güven Arsebük, Machteld J. Mellink, and Wulf Shirmer, eds., Light on top of the black hill, studies presented to Halet Çambel. Ege Yayinlari, Istanbul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Esin, U. 1996. Aşikli, ten thousand years ago: a habitation model from Central Anatolia. Pages 31–42in Housing and settlement in Anatolia: a Historical perspective. Türkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfi, Istanbul.

    Google Scholar 

  • —. 1998. The aceramic site of Aşikli and its ecological conditions based on its floral and faunal remains. TÜBA-AR Turkish Academy of Sciences Journal of Archaeology 1:95–103.

    Google Scholar 

  • FAO. 1988. Traditional food plants (Eastern Africa). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food and Nutrition Paper no 42, Rome.

    Google Scholar 

  • Feinbrun, N., and M. Zohary. 1930. Useful wild plants of Palestine. Hassadeh X: 3-20. (text in Hebrew, translation of text by G. Konitzer, 1936, in Kew the Royal Botanical Garden Library, London)

  • Forbes, M. C. 1976. The pursuit of wild edibles, present and past. Expedition 19(1): 12–18.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fujita, T., E. Sezik, M. Tabata, E. Yesilada, G. Honda, T. Tanaka, and Y. Takaishi. 1995. Traditional medicine in Turkey VII: folk medicine in middle and west Black Sea regions. Economic Botany 49(4):406–422.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gonzalez, M. G. C. 1984. Especies vegetales de importancia economica en Mexico. Contribution a su conocimiento. Porrua, Mexico.

    Google Scholar 

  • Grieve, M. 1984. A modern herbal: the medicinal, culinary, cosmetic and economic properties, cultivation and folklore of herbs, grasses, fungi, shrubs and trees with all their modern scientific uses. Savvas Publishing, Suffolk.

    Google Scholar 

  • Helbaek, H. 1964. First impressions of the Çatal Hüyük plant husbandry. Anatolian Studies 14:121–123.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • —. 1970. The plant husbandry of Hacilar. Pages 189–244in James Mellaart, ed., Excavations at Hacilar I. The British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, Edinburgh.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hillman, G. C. 1972. Plant remains. Pages 182–188in E. S. Higgs, ed., Papers in economic prehistory. University Press, Cambridge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hooper, D. 1937. Useful plants and drugs of Iran and Iraq. Field Museum of Natural History. Vol.9:3, Chicago.

    Google Scholar 

  • Işik, S., A. Gönüz, Ü. Arslan, and M. Öztürk. 1995. Afyon (Türkiye) ilindeki bazi türlerin etnobotanik özellikleri. OT Sistematik Botanik Dergisi 2(1): 161–166.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lyle-Kalças, E. 1974. Food from the fields, edible wild plants of Aegean Turkey. Birlik Matbaasi, Bornova, Izmir.

    Google Scholar 

  • Phillips O. L, and B. A. Meilleur. 1998. Usefulness and economic potential of the rare plants of the United States: a statistical survey. Economic Botany 52(l):57–67.

    Google Scholar 

  • Phillips, R. 1983. Mushrooms and other fungi of Great Britain and Europe. Pan Books, London.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pieroni, A. 1996. Traditional plants for food in Garfagnana Valley, Lucca Province, North-West Tuscany, Italy. Poster presented in Plants For Food and Medicines Conference, London, 1-6 July 1996, London.

  • Renfrew, J. M. 1973. Palaeoethnobotany: the prehistoric food plants of the Near East and Europe. Columbia University Press, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Öztürk, M., and H. Özçelik. 1991. Useful plants of East Anatolia, SISKAV Publication. Semih Press, Ankara.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sayar, A., A. Güvensen, F. Özdemir, and M. Öztürk. 1995. Muğ Ililindeki bazi türlerin etnobotanik özellikleri. Ot Sistematik Botanik Dergisi 2(1): 151–160.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sezik, E., M. Tabata, E. Yeşilada, G. Honda, K. Goto, and Y. Ikeshiro. 1991. Traditional medicine in Turkey I: folk medicine in North-East Anatolia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 35:191–196.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • —,M. Zor, and E. Yeşilada. 1992. Traditional medicine in Turkey II: folk medicine in Kastamonu. International Journal of Pharmacognosy 30:233–239.

    Google Scholar 

  • —,E. Yeşilada, M. Tabata, G. Honda, Y. Takaishi, T. Fujita, T. Tanaka, and Y. Takeda. 1997. Traditional medicine in Turkey VIII: folk medicine in East Anatolia; Erzurum, Erzincan, Agn, Kars, Igdir provinces. Economic Botany 51 (3):195–211.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tabata, M., G. Gonda, and E. Sezik, eds. 1988. A report on traditional medicine and medicinal plants in Turkey (1986). Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tabata, M., E. Sezik, G. Honda, E. Yesilada, K. Goto, and Y. Ikeshiro. 1994. Traditional medicine in Turkey III: folk medicine in East Anatolia; Van and Bitlis provinces. International Journal of Pharmacognosy 32:3–12.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tanaka, T. 1976. Tanaka’s cyclopedia of edible plants of the world. S. Nakao, ed. Keigako Publishing Co., Tokyo.

    Google Scholar 

  • Zeist van, W., and G. J. de Roller. 1995. Plant remains from Aşikh Höyük, a pre-pottery Neolithic site in Central Anatolia. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 4:179–185.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zohary, M. 1973. Geobotanical foundations of the Middle East (2 vols). Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart.

    Google Scholar 

  • —. 1983. Man and vegetation in the Middle East. Pages 287–295in W. Holzner, M. J. A. Werger, and I. Ikusitna, eds., Man’s impact on vegetation. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ertuğ, F. An ethnobotanical study in Central Anatolia (Turkey). Econ Bot 54, 155–182 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02907820

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02907820

Key Words

Navigation