Advertisement

Journal of instructional development

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 2–10 | Cite as

Interactive video: An examination of use and effectiveness

  • Eric E. Smith
Articles

Abstract

In the last few years, interactive video has made tremendous advances in hardware with corresponding reduction in cost. This article discusses the nature of interactive video, its educational use, evidence for effectiveness, and the design of interactive video courseware. The evidence seems to indicate that the medium is both effective and efficient, though few rigorous studies have been done. While a systematic approach is followed for producing interactive video, little discussion of design models and variables exists. The development or adaptation of consistent design models and further study on effectiveness, efficiency, and cost effectiveness are suggested.

Keywords

Instructional Development Interactive Video Instructional Design Model Electronic Learn Interactive Videodisc 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alessi, S.M. & Trollip, S.R. (1985).Computer-based instruction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, R. J. & Allen, S. W. (1983). Computer-assisted videodisc: An African perspective.Performance & Instruction Journal, 22(9),28–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boen, L. (1983). Teaching with an interactive video-computer system.Educational Technology, 23(3),42–43.Google Scholar
  4. Bosco, J.J. (1984). Interactive video: Educational tool or toy?Educational Technology, 24(4),13–19.Google Scholar
  5. Brody, P.J. (1984).Research on and research with interactive video. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, April 23–27, 1984. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 246 885).Google Scholar
  6. Bunderson, C. V. (1983). A survey of videodisc projects at WICAT.Performance & Instruction Journal, 22(9),24–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bunderson, C. V., Campbell, J. O., & Farr, B. J. (1980).Instructional systems development model for interactive videodisc training delivery systems. Volume I: Hardware, software, and procedures. Orem, UT: WICAT, Inc. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 220 071).Google Scholar
  8. Bunderson, C.V., Hoekema, J., Hon, D., Wilson, R. L., Worcester, C., & Woodward, H. (1983). Interactive video: an elephant in search of a definition.Performance & Instruction Journal, 22(9),4–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bunderson, C. V., Olsen, J. B., & Baillio, B. (1981).Proof-of-concept demonstration and comparative evaluation of a prototype intelligent videodisc system. Orem, UT: WICAT, Inc. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 228 989).Google Scholar
  10. Burrows, P. E., Eiserman, W. D. & Williams, D. D. (1986). Vital lessons learned designing interactive lessons in algebra.EITV, 18(1),21–25.Google Scholar
  11. Chambers, J. A. & Sprecher, J. W. (1983).Computer-assisted instruction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  12. Charp, S. (1986). Editorial.T.H.E. Journal, 13(5),10.Google Scholar
  13. Clark, R. E. (1985a). Confounding in educational computing research.Journal of Educational Computing Research, 1(2),137–148.Google Scholar
  14. Clark, R. E. (1985b). Evidence for confounding in computer-based instruction studies: Analyzing the meta-analyses.ECTJ, 33, 249–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cohen, V. B. (1984). Interactive features in the design of videodisc materials.Educational Technology, 24(1),16–20.Google Scholar
  16. Copeland, P. (1983). An interactive video system for education and training.British Journal of Educational Technology, 14(1),59–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dalton, D.W. (1986). The efficacy of computer-assisted video instruction on rule learning and attitudes.Journal of Computer-based Instruction, 13(4),122–125.Google Scholar
  18. Daynes, R. (1982). Experimenting with videodiscs.Instructional Innovator, 27(2),24–25.Google Scholar
  19. Daynes, R. (1984). Who, what, where, why, and how much of videodisc technology. In R. Daynes and B. Butler (Eds.),The videodisc book: A guide and directory, (pp. 7–21). New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  20. Daynes, R. & Butler, B. (Eds.). (1984).The videodisc book: A guide and directory. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  21. DeBloois, M.L. (1982). Principles for designing interactive videodisc instructional materials. In M.L. DeBloois (Ed.)Videodisc/ microcomputer courseware design, (pp. 25–66). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.Google Scholar
  22. Donahue, T. J. & Donahue, M. A. (1983). Understanding interactive video.Training and Development Journal, 37(12),26–31.Google Scholar
  23. Dossett, D.L. & Konczak, L.J. (1985). New and improved, or just new?Training and Development Journal, 39(7),41, 43–44.Google Scholar
  24. Ebner, D. B., Danaher, B. G., Mahoney, J. V., Lippert, H. T., & Balson, P. M. (1984). Current issues in interactive videodisc and computer-based instruction.Instructional Innovator, 29(3),24–29.Google Scholar
  25. Ebner, D. B., Manning, D. T., Brooks, F. R., Mahoney, J. V., Lippert, H. T., & Balson, P. M. (1984). Videodiscs can improve instructional efficiency.Instructional Innovator, 29(6),26–28.Google Scholar
  26. Fedewa, L. J. (1983). Safety training for railroad operating employees.Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Conference on Interactive Videodisc in Education and Training, (pp. 26–29).Google Scholar
  27. Forman, D. (1982). Search of the literature.The Computing Teacher, 10(6),37–51.Google Scholar
  28. Gayeski, D.M. (1983).Corporate and instructional video. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  29. Gibson, G. A. (1984). Interactive video meets the oil field: A love story.Training, 21(9),47–48, 50, 52.Google Scholar
  30. Glenn, A. C., Kozen, N. A. & Pollak, R. A. (1984). Teaching economics: Research findings from a microcomputer/videodisc project.Educational Technology, 24(3),30–32.Google Scholar
  31. Golberg, M. (1983). Survey shows disc training works well for American Bell.EITV, 15(6),57.Google Scholar
  32. Grabowski, B. & Aggen, W. (1984). Computers for interactive learning.Instructional Innovator, 29(2),27–30.Google Scholar
  33. Griffiths, M. (1984). Planning for interactive videodisc.Media in Education and Development, 17(4),196–200.Google Scholar
  34. Hannafin, M. J. (1985). Empirical issues in the study of computer-assisted interactive video.ECTJ, 33, 235–247.Google Scholar
  35. Hannafin, M. J., Phillips, T. L., & Tripp, S. D. (1986). The effects of orienting, processing, and practicing activities on learning from interactive video.Journal of Computer-Based Instruction, 13(4),134–139.Google Scholar
  36. Hedberg, J. G., Perry, N. R., & McNamara, S. E. (1984).Instructional design and interactive video. Unpublished manuscript. Western Australian Institute of Technology and Monash University.Google Scholar
  37. Henderson, R. W., Landesman, E. M., & Kachuck, I. (1985). Computer-video instruction in mathematics: Field test of an interactive approach.Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 16(3),207–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hershberger, L. (1984). How interactive training affects corporations.EITV, 16(1),64–65.Google Scholar
  39. Ho, C. P., Savenye, W., & Haas, N. (1986). The effects of orienting objectives and review on learning from interactive video.Journal of Computer-Based Instruction, 13(4),126–129.Google Scholar
  40. Hoekema, J. (1983). Interactive videodisc: A new architecture.Performance & Instruction Journal, 22(9),6–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Hon, D. (1982). Interactive training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.Byte, 7(6),110–126, 130–138.Google Scholar
  42. Hon, D. (1983). The promise of interactive video: An affective search.Performance & Instruction Journal, 22(9),21–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Hon D. (1985). Where are interactive videodiscs headed?EITV, 17(8),27–29.Google Scholar
  44. Howe, S. (1984). Interactive video.Instructor, 93(5),108–110.Google Scholar
  45. How IBM uses videodiscs for customer training. (1981).EITV, 13(6), 31–34.Google Scholar
  46. Interactive video. (1985).Training, 22(10), 64.Google Scholar
  47. Interactive video: Fast facts. (1986).Training, 23(10), 52.Google Scholar
  48. Johnson, J. F., Widerquist, K. L., Birdsell, J. & MIller, A. E. (1985). Storyboarding for interactive videodisc courseware.Educational Technology, 25(12),29–35.Google Scholar
  49. Jonassen D. H. (1984). The generic disc: Realizing the potential of adaptive, interactive videodiscs.Educational Technology, 24(1),21–24.Google Scholar
  50. Jones, P. (1985). Interactive video: Developments could boost installations.T.H.E. Journal, 13(2),12, 14, 16, 17, 20.Google Scholar
  51. Karwin, T.J., Landesman, E.M., & Henderson, R.W. (1985). Applying cognitive science and interactive videodisc technology to precalculus mathematics learning modules.T.H.E. Journal, 13(1),57–63.Google Scholar
  52. Kalowski, N. (1985). Video interfaces for personal computers.EITV, 17(1),47–48.Google Scholar
  53. Kearsley, G. P. (1985). Microcomputer software: Design and development principles.Journal of Educational Computing Research, 1(2),209–220.Google Scholar
  54. Kearsley, G. P., & Frost, J. (1985). Design factors for successful videodisc-based instruction.Educational Technology, 25(3),7–13.Google Scholar
  55. Ketner, W. D. (1982). Videodisc interactive two-dimensional equipment training.Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Conference on Video Learning Systems: Videodisc for Military Training and Simulation, (pp. 18–20).Google Scholar
  56. Kimberlin, D. A. (1982). The U.S. Army Air Defense School distributed instructional system project evaluation.Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Conference on Video Learning Systems: Videodisc for Military Training and Simulation, (pp. 21–23).Google Scholar
  57. Kulik, J. A., Bangert, R. L., & Williams, G. W. (1983). Effects of computer-based teaching on secondary school students.Journal of Educational Psychology, 75(1),19–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Kulik, J. A., Kulik, C. C., & Cohen, P. A. (1980). Effectiveness of computer-based college teaching: A meta-analysis of findings.Review of Educational Research, 50(4),525–544.Google Scholar
  59. Kulik, C. C., Kulik, J. A., & Shwalb, B. J. (1986). The effectiveness of computer-based adult education: A meta-analysis.Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2, 235–252.Google Scholar
  60. Laurillard, D. M. (1984). Interactive video and the control of learning.Educational Technology, 24(6),7–15.Google Scholar
  61. Lehman, J. D. (1986). Interactive video a powerful new tool for science teaching.Journal of Computers in Science and Mathematics Teaching, 5(3),24–29.Google Scholar
  62. Levin, W. (1983). Interactive video: The state-of-the-art teaching machine.Computing Teacher, 11(2),11–17.Google Scholar
  63. Lindsey, J. (1984). The challenge of designing for interactive video.Instructional Innovator, 29(6),17–19.Google Scholar
  64. Lovece, F. (1984). Videodisc hardware.Electronic Learning, 3(7),60–63.Google Scholar
  65. Lyness, A. L. (1985). Interactive video CPR instruction: How effective is it?Teaching and Learning Technologies, 1(2),6–12.Google Scholar
  66. Magel, M. (1985). Still-frame audio: The voice in the video.EITV, 17(8),30–32, 64–65.Google Scholar
  67. Manning, D. T., Balson, P., Ebner, D.G. & Brooks, F. R. (1983). Student acceptance of videodisc programs for paramedical training.T.H.E. Journal, 11(3),105–108.Google Scholar
  68. Nugent, G.C. & Stepp, R.E. Jr. (1984). The potential of videodisc technology for the hearing impaired.Exceptional Education Quarterly, 4(4),104–113.Google Scholar
  69. Olsen, L. & DiFazio, R. (1983). The shoemaker’s children: How Digital uses interactive video to train computer technicians.Training and Development Journal, 37(12),30–34.Google Scholar
  70. Parsloe, E. (1984). Learning by doing.Media in Education and Development, 17(4),201–204.Google Scholar
  71. Pawley, R. (1983). It’s becoming an interactive world.EITV, 15(6),80–81.Google Scholar
  72. Price, B.J., & Marsh, G.E. (1983). Interactive video instruction and the dreaded change in education.T.H.E. Journal, 10(7),112–117.Google Scholar
  73. Priestman, T. (1984). Interactive video and its applications.Media in Education and Development, 17(4),182–186.Google Scholar
  74. Raab, F.J. (1985). Why to use larger computers with smaller ones for videodisc design.EITV, 17(1),40–41, 44.Google Scholar
  75. Reeves, T.C. (1986). Research and evaluation models for the study of interactive video.Journal of Computer-Based Instruction, 13(4),102–106.Google Scholar
  76. Reinhold, F. (1984). How they’re using interactive videodiscs.Electronic Learning, 3(7),56–57.Google Scholar
  77. Sanders, M. (1985). Interactive video courseware for graphic communications teachers and students.The Technology Teacher, 44(5),39–41.Google Scholar
  78. Schroeder, J. E. (1982). U.S. Army VISTA evaluation results.Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Conference on Video Learning Systems: Videodisc for Military Training and Simulation, (pp. 1–3).Google Scholar
  79. Smith, R.C. (1985). From script to screen by computer for interactive videodiscs.EITV, 17(1),31–33.Google Scholar
  80. St. Lawrence, J. (1984). The interactive videodisc: Here at last.Electronic Learning, 3(7),49–51.Google Scholar
  81. Stowitschek, J. J. & Stowitschek, C. E. (1984). Once more with feeling: The absence of research on teacher use of microcomputers.Exceptional Education Quarterly, 4(4),23–39.Google Scholar
  82. Thordilkson, R. (1982, March).Microcomputer/videodisc authoring system for instructional programming. Paper presented the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, NY. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 227 841).Google Scholar
  83. Thordilkson, R., & Hofmeister, A. (1984). Interactive video authoring of instruction for the mentally handicapped.Exceptional Education Quarterly, 4(4),57–73.Google Scholar
  84. Troutner, J. (1983). How to produce an interactive video program.Electronic Learning, 2(4),70–75.Google Scholar
  85. Tuscher, L.J. & Harvey, F.A. (1985). Developing authoring tools and demonstration courseware for intelligent interactive videodisc systems.T.H.E. Journal, 13(3),85–88.Google Scholar
  86. U.S. Army makes new commitment to interactive discs. (1987).Interactive Discs Today, 1(2),4–5.Google Scholar
  87. Waldrop, H. (1982). Interactive video: A new technology blasts off.Electronic Learning, 2(3),72–74.Google Scholar
  88. Whitney, N.S. (1985). From interactive tape to disc with insight.EITV, 17(1),37–38.Google Scholar
  89. Wilson, L. (1983). Interactive video: A step toward natural learning.Performance & Instruction Journal, 22(9),32–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Wilson, R. L. (1983). Interactive video: What makes it work?Performance & Instruction Journal, 22(9),26–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Withrow, F.B. (1985). Videodiscs: The thinking person’s audiovisual.American Educator, 9(3),22–25, 40, 42.Google Scholar
  92. Withrow, F. B., & Roberts, L.G. (1982). The videodisc: Putting education on a silver platter.Electronic Learning, 1(5),43–44.Google Scholar
  93. Yampolsky, M. (1983). The next generation of interactive videodiscs.EITV, 15(6),40–41, 44.Google Scholar
  94. Young, J. I., & Schlieve, P. L. (1984). Videodisc simulation: Training for the future.Educational Technology, 24(4),41–42.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric E. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Educational Computing and Instructional Development Department of EducationPurdue UniversityWest Lafayette

Personalised recommendations