Advertisement

Japanese Journal of Ichthyology

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 327–337 | Cite as

Larval development, growth and age determination in the sharpnose pufferfishCanthigaster valentini (Teleostei: Tetraodontidae)

  • Gregory J. Stroud
  • Barry Goldman
  • William Gladstone
Article

Abstract

The eggs, early larvae and juveniles of the sharpnose pufferfishCanthigaster valentini are described, based on material collected in Great Barrier Reef waters. Eggs were obtained in the field by divers and reared in the laboratory. The eggs are spherical, strongly adhesive, 0.68–0.72 mm in diameter, possess a dense cluster of small oil droplets, and hatch around sunset 3 to 5 days after fertilization. Newly hatched larvae have a small yolk sac, pectoral fin folds, 17 myomeres (6 pre-anal, 11 post-anal) and measure 1.30–1.40 mm in notochord (standard) length. The eggs ofC. valentini differ from those of other tetraodontids in being much smaller and having a longer incubation time. The larvae can be distinguished from other tetraodontid larvae by pigmentation, myomere count and size at hatching. Growth is most rapid during the first day of larval life. Age determinations (based on otolith microstructure) of field collected juveniles, both pelagic and newly settled, indicate a pelagic phase of between 64 and 113 days for this species. This estimate appears consistent with the extended pelagic juvenile stages observed in other tetraodontiform fishes and could indicate thatC. valentini can delay settlement for some time after becoming competent to settle at a minimum age of 64 days.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Allen, G. R. and J. E. Randall. 1977. Review of the sharpnose pufferfishes (Subfamily Canthigasterinae) of the Indo-Pacific. Rec. Austr. Mus., 30: 475–517.Google Scholar
  2. Arai, H. and S. Fujita. 1988. Spawning behavior and early life history of the sharpnose puffer,Canthigaster rivulata, in the aquarium. Japan. J. Ichthyol., 35(2): 194–202.Google Scholar
  3. Berry, F. H. and W. J. Baldwin. 1966. Triggerfishes (Balistidae) of the Eastern Pacific. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 34:429–474.Google Scholar
  4. Berry, F. H. and L. E. Vogele. 1961. Filefishes (Monacanthidae) of Western North Atlantic. U. S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Fish Bull., 61: 61–109.Google Scholar
  5. Breder, C. M., Jr. and E. Clark. 1947. A contribution to the visceral anatomy, development, and relationships of the Plectognathi. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 88: 291–319.Google Scholar
  6. Brothers, E. B. and W. McFarland. 1981. Correlations between otolith microstructure, growth and life history transitions in newly recruited French grunts (Haemulon flavolineatum). Rapp. P.-V. Reun. Cons. Perm. Int. Explor. Mer., 1978: 396–374.Google Scholar
  7. Brothers, E. B., C. P. Mathews and R. Lasker. 1976. Daily growth increments in otoliths from larval and adult fishes. U. S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Fish. Bull., 74: 1–8.Google Scholar
  8. Brothers, E. B., D. McB. Williams and P. F. Sale. 1983. Length of larval life in twelve families of fishes at “One Tree Lagoon”, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Mar. Biol., 76: 319–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fluchter, J. 1965. Versuche zur Brutaufazucht der SeezungeSolea solea in kleinen Aquarien. Helgolander Wiss. Meeresunters., 12: 395–403. (In German with English summary.)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fujita, S. 1956a. On the development of the egg and prelarval stages of the pufferFugu (Shosaifugu) stictonotus (Temminck et Schlegel). Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 15: 525–530. (In Japanese with English summary.)Google Scholar
  11. Fujita, S. 1956b. On the development of the egg and prelarval stages of the pufferFugu (Shosaifugu) poecilonotus (Temminck et Schlegel). Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 15: 531–536. (In Japanese with English summary.)Google Scholar
  12. Fujita, S. 1962. Studies on the life history and culture of common pufferfishes in Japan. Nagasaki Pref. Fish. Res. Stn. Rep., (2), 121 pp., 40 pls. (In Japanese.)Google Scholar
  13. Fujita, S. 1966. Egg development, larval stages and rearing of the pufferLagocephalus lunaris spadiceus (Richardson). Japan J. Ichthyol., 13: 162–168. (In Japanese with English summary.)Google Scholar
  14. Fujita, S. and M. Ueno. 1956. On the egg development and prelarval stages ofFugu (Torafugu) rubripes (Temminck et Schlegel). Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 15: 519–524. (In Japanese with English summary.)Google Scholar
  15. Gladstone, W. 1987a. The courtship and spawning behaviors ofCanthigaster valentini (Tetraodontidae). Env. Biol. Fish., 20: 255–261.Google Scholar
  16. Gladstone, W. 1987b. The eggs and larvae of the sharpnose pufferfishCanthigaster valentini (Pisces: Tetraodontidae) are unpalatable to other reef fishes. Copeia, 1987: 227–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Honma, Y., T. Ozawa and A. Chiba. 1980. Maturation and spawning behaviour of the pufferFugu niphobles, occurring on the coast of Sado Island in the Sea of Japan (a preliminary report). Japan J. Ichthyol., 27: 129–13.Google Scholar
  18. Houde, E. D. 1973. Some recent advances and unsolved problems in the culture of marine fish larvae. Proc. World Maric. Soc., 3: 83–112.Google Scholar
  19. Houde, E. D. and A. J. Ramsay. 1971. A culture system for marine fish larvae. Prog. Fish Cul., 33: 156–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Leis, J. M. 1978. Systematics and zoogeography of the porcupine fishes (Diodon, Diodontidae, Tetraodontiformes), with comments on egg and larval development. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Fish. Bull., 76: 535–567.Google Scholar
  21. Leis, J. M. 1984. Tetraodontioidei: Development. Pages 447–450in H. G. Moser and W. J. Richards, eds. Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. Special Publication No. 1, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Allen Press, Kansas, ix+760 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Leis, J. M. and D.S. Rennis. 1983. The larvae of Indo-Pacific coral reef fishes. Univ. N.S.W. Press, Sydney, 269 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Lubbock, R. and G. R. Allen. 1979.Canthigaster leoparda a new sharpnose pufferfish (Teleostei: Tetraodontidae) from the central Indo-Pacific. Rev. Fr. Aquariol., 6: 87–90.Google Scholar
  24. Marcy, B. 1975. Mechanics of handling ichthyoplankton. Pages 11–12in Ichthyoplankton. Report of the CICAR Ichthyoplankton Workshop. UNESCO Technical Papers in Marine Science No. 20, Div. of Marine Sciences, UNESCO, Paris, 46 pp.Google Scholar
  25. Marliave, J. B. 1977. Substratum preferences of settling larvae of marine fishes reared in the laboratory. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 27: 47–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Miller, J. M., W. Watson and J. M. Leis. 1979. An atlas of common nearshore marine fish larvae of the Hawaiian Islands. Sea Grant Misc. Rep. UNIHI-Seagrant-MR-80-02, 127 pp.Google Scholar
  27. Munro, I. S. R. 1945. Postlarval stages of Australian fishes. No. 1. Mem. Qld. Mus., 12: 136–153.Google Scholar
  28. Randall, J. E. 1971. The nominal triggerfishes (Balistidae)Pachynathus nycteris andOncobalistes erythropterus, junior synonyms ofMelichthys vidua. Copeia, 1971: 462–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Randall, J. E. and W. Klausewitz. 1973. A review of the triggerfish genusMelichthys, with description of a new species from the Indian Ocean. Senckenb. Biol., 54: 57–69.Google Scholar
  30. Randow, H. 1934.Tetraodon cutcutia andTetraodon fluviatilis Hamilton-Buchanan. Wochenschr. Aquar. Terrarienk., 31: 561–563. (In German.)Google Scholar
  31. Richter, H. J. 1982. Spawning Somphongs’ pufferCarinotetraodon somphongsi. Trop. Fish Hobbyist, 31: 8–25.Google Scholar
  32. Schreitmuller, W. 1929.Tetraodon fluviatilus (Ham-Buch) green ballfish. Aqu. Life, Baltimore, 13: 23–26.Google Scholar
  33. Schreitmuller, W. 1930. Kugelfishe. Das Aquarium, Berlin, Jan.: 12–16, Feb.: 20–26. (In German.)Google Scholar
  34. Shojima, Y. 1957. On the development of eggs and rearing of larvae of a puffer,Fugu (Higanfugu) pardalis (Temminck et Schlegel). Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 16: 125–126. (In Japanese with English summary.)Google Scholar
  35. Sterba, G. 1962. Freshwater fishes of the world. Longacre Press, London, 878 pp.Google Scholar
  36. Struhsaker, P. and J. H. Uchiyama. 1976. Age and growth of the nehu,Stolephorus purpureus (Pisces: Engraulidae), from Hawaiian Islands as indicated by daily growth increments of sagittae. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Fish. Bull., 74: 9–17.Google Scholar
  37. Taylor, W. R. 1967. An enzyme method of clearing and staining small vertebrates. Proc. U. S. Natn. Mus., 122: 1–17.Google Scholar
  38. Thresher, R. E. 1985. Reproduction of reef fishes. T. F. H. Publ., Neptune City, New Jersey, 399 pp.Google Scholar
  39. Tyler, J. C. 1980. Osteology, phylogeny and higher classification of fishes of the Order Plectognathi (Tetraodontiformes). NOAA Tech. Rep., Circ. 434, 420 pp.Google Scholar
  40. Uno, Y. 1955. Spawning habit and early development of a pufferFugu (Torafugu) niphobles (Jordan and Schneider). J. Tokyo Univ. Fish., 41: 169–183.Google Scholar
  41. Victor, B. C. 1982. Daily otolith increments and recruitment in two coral reef wrasses,Thalassoma bifasciatum andHalichoeres bivittatus. Mar. Biol., 71: 303–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Welsh, W. W. and C.M. Breder Jr. 1922. A contribution to the life history of the pufferSpheroides maculatus (Schneider). Zoologica (N.Y.), 2: 261–276.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory J. Stroud
    • 1
  • Barry Goldman
    • 2
  • William Gladstone
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Environmental and Urban StudiesMacquarie UniversityNorth RydeAustralia
  2. 2.Lizard Island Research StationCairnsAustralia
  3. 3.Centre for Environmental and Urban Studies, and School of Biological SciencesMacquarie UniversityNorth RydeAustralia

Personalised recommendations