Chemical composition of teff (Eragrostis tef) compared with that of wheat, barley and grain sorghum
- 644 Downloads
The chemical composition of teff, analyzed from uncontaminated seeds, revealed the superiority of the species in mineral nutritive value. Teff’s exceedingly high iron and calcium content was confirmed. The high iron content of teff reported by the Ethiopia Nutrition Survey must have been due to certain inherent factors of the species, not only a result of contamination. The magnitude of mineral absorption varied among tested teff strains which was considered an important criterion for future selection program within the species.
KeywordsSorghum Iron Content Economic Botany Winter Barley High Iron Content
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Almgard, Gunnar. 1963. High content of iron in teff,Eragrostis abyssinica Link., and some other crop species from Ethiopia—a result of contamination. Lantbrukshogskolans Annaler29: 215–220.Google Scholar
- 2.Chichaibelu, Beyene. 1965. Studies on the biological evaluation of the protein quality of teff (Eragrostis abyssiniea) and abish (Trigonella foenum-graecum) and the supplementary value of abish when added to tef. (Unpublished Masterś thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.Google Scholar
- 3.Ciferri, R., and Isaia Baldrati. 1939. I Cereali dell Africa Italiana, Col. II. “Teff” (Eragrostis teff). Cereale da panificazione dell Africa Italiana Montana. Firenze, XI.Google Scholar
- 4.De Maio, L. R. et al. Amino acid composition and Lysine supplementation of teff. J. Agr. Food Chem.10: 62-64.Google Scholar
- 5.Ethiopia Nutrition Survey. 1959. A report by the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense. Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
- 6.Gilbert, F. A. 1953. Mineral Nutrition of Plants and Animals. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma, pp. 50–54.Google Scholar
- 7.Huffnagel, H. P. 1961. Agriculture in Ethiopia. FAO, Rome, pp. 23, 181-183.Google Scholar
- 8.Mengesha, Melak H. 1964.Eragrostis tef Zuce.) Trotter. Its embryo sac development, genetic variability and breeding behavior. Ph.D. dissertation. Purdue University, Department of Agronomy, West Lafayette, Indiana.Google Scholar
- 9.National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council. 1958. Composition of cereal grains and forages, Prepared by Donald F. Miller. Publication 585, Washington, D. C. pp. 226–233.Google Scholar
- 10.Rouk, H. and Hailu Mengesha. 1963. An introduction to t’ef. A nutritious cereal grain of Ethiopia. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. No. 26. College of Agri., Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
- 11.Vavilow, N. I. 1951. The origin, variation, immunity and breeding of cultivated plants. Translated from the Russian by K. Starr Chester. The Ronald Press Co., New York. pp. 37–38.Google Scholar