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Physical activity, self-esteem, and self-efficacy relationships in older adults: A randomized controlled trial

  • Edward McAuley
  • Bryan Blissmer
  • Jeffrey Katula
  • Terry E. Duncan
  • Shannon L. Mihalko
Empirical Articles

Abstract

A randomized controlled trial examined the growth and form of multidimensional self-esteem over a 12-month period (6-month exercise intervention and 6-month follow-up) in 174 older adults engaged in either a walking or stretching/toning program. The extent to which changes in physical fitness parameters and physical self-efficacy were related to changes in perceptions of attractive body, strength, physical conditioning, and physical self-worth was also determined. Latent growth curve analyses showed a curvilinear pattern of growth in esteem with significant increases at all levels of self-esteem upon completion of the intervention followed by significant declines at 6 months poistintervention in both groups. Frequency of activity and changes in physical fitness, body fat, and self-efficacy were related to improvements in esteem perceptions relative to attractive body, strength, and physical condition. Model fitting procedures suggested that the best fit of the data was to a model in which the influence of changes in efficacy and physical parameters on physical self-worth were mediated by perceptions of attractive body and physical conditions.

Keywords

Latent Growth Curve Physical Conditioning Exercise Psychology Attractive Body Sport Competence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward McAuley
    • 1
  • Bryan Blissmer
    • 1
  • Jeffrey Katula
    • 2
  • Terry E. Duncan
    • 3
  • Shannon L. Mihalko
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of KinesiologyUniversity of IllinoisUrbana
  2. 2.University of North CarolinaGreensboro
  3. 3.Oregon Research InstituteUSA
  4. 4.Wake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA

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