Physical activity, self-esteem, and self-efficacy relationships in older adults: A randomized controlled trial

  • Edward McAuley
  • Bryan Blissmer
  • Jeffrey Katula
  • Terry E. Duncan
  • Shannon L. Mihalko
Empirical Articles


A randomized controlled trial examined the growth and form of multidimensional self-esteem over a 12-month period (6-month exercise intervention and 6-month follow-up) in 174 older adults engaged in either a walking or stretching/toning program. The extent to which changes in physical fitness parameters and physical self-efficacy were related to changes in perceptions of attractive body, strength, physical conditioning, and physical self-worth was also determined. Latent growth curve analyses showed a curvilinear pattern of growth in esteem with significant increases at all levels of self-esteem upon completion of the intervention followed by significant declines at 6 months poistintervention in both groups. Frequency of activity and changes in physical fitness, body fat, and self-efficacy were related to improvements in esteem perceptions relative to attractive body, strength, and physical condition. Model fitting procedures suggested that the best fit of the data was to a model in which the influence of changes in efficacy and physical parameters on physical self-worth were mediated by perceptions of attractive body and physical conditions.


Latent Growth Curve Physical Conditioning Exercise Psychology Attractive Body Sport Competence 
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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward McAuley
    • 1
  • Bryan Blissmer
    • 1
  • Jeffrey Katula
    • 2
  • Terry E. Duncan
    • 3
  • Shannon L. Mihalko
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of KinesiologyUniversity of IllinoisUrbana
  2. 2.University of North CarolinaGreensboro
  3. 3.Oregon Research InstituteUSA
  4. 4.Wake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA

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