Objective: This study examined the effects of change in interpersonal stress on disease activity among 41 women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: Measures of everyday stressful events and perceived stress were collected weekly for twelve weeks and related to disease activity in a series of pooled time-series regression analyses. Results: Increases in the number of interpersonal stressors in the same week and one week prior were associated with increases in disease activity. Pain from joint tenderness also was significantly related to a decrease in stressful events one week later. A subgroup of 20 patients showed a significant increase in interpersonal stress from baseline during the course of the study. For this group, significant elevations in DR+CD3 cells, sIL-2R, clinician's rating of disease, and self-reports of joint tenderness were found during the week of increased interpersonal stress. Conclusions: Interpersonal stress appears to be associated with increases in disease activity among RA patients
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Preparation of this manuscript was supported in part by biomedical grants from the Arthritis Foundation and the National Institute for Arthritis and Muscular-Skeletal Diseases, 5 R01 AR41687-03 (Alex J. Zautra, Principal Investigator).
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Zautra, A.J., Hoffman, J., Potter, P. et al. Examination of changes in interpersonal stress as a factor in disease exacerbations among women with rheumatoid arthritis. ann. behav. med. 19, 279–286 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02892292
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Stressful Life Event
- Behavioral Medicine
- Joint Tenderness
- Interpersonal Stress