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Races of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae)

Razas de Fríjol Común (Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae)

Abstract

Evidence for genetic diversity in cultivated common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) is reviewed. Multivariate statistical analyses of morphological, agronomic, and molecular data, as well as other available information on Latin American landraces representing various geographical and ecological regions of their primary centers of domestications in the Americas, reveal the existence of two major groups of germplasm: Middle American and Andean South American, which could be further divided into six races. Three races originated in Middle America (races Durango, Jalisco, and Mesoamerica) and three in Andean South America (races Chile, Nueva Granada, and Peru). Their distinctive characteristics and their relationships with previously reported gene pools are discussed.

Résumé

Se presenta una revisión sobre la evidencia de variabilidad genética en el fríjol cultivado (Phaseolus vulgaris). De acuerdo con los análisis estadísticos multivariados de datos morfológicos, agronómicos y moleculares y con información adicional disponible sobre variedades criollas de América Latina que representan varias regiones ecológicas y geográficas de sus centros primarios de domesticación en las Américas, se establece la existencia de los dos grupos principales de germoplasma: los de Mesoamérica y de los Andes suramericanos; los cuales pueden ser divididos en seis razas. Tres razas se originaron en Mesoamérica (razas Durango, Jalisco y Mesoamérica) y tres los Andes suramericanos (razas Chile, Nueva Granada y Perú). Se discuten sus características distintivas y sus relaciones con otros acervos de genes reportados anteriormente.

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Singh, S.P., Gepts, P. & Debouck, D.G. Races of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae). Econ Bot 45, 379–396 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02887079

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Key Words

  • Phaseolus vulgaris
  • domestication
  • crop plant evolution
  • genetic diversity
  • races of common bean
  • gene pools