Excess gas in the hepatic flexure or splenic flexure of the colon, although in itself not unusual nor necessarily significant, may at times be the explanation for symptoms suggesting cardiac, stomach, gall bladder, kidney or pulmonary disease. The concept of the hepatic and splenic flexure syndromes has proved to be of positive clinical value.
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Dworken, H. J., Biel, F. J. and Machella, T. E.: Supradiaphragmatic reference of pain from the colon. Gastroenterology,22, 222–228, 1952.
Machella, T. E., Dworken, H. J. and Biel, F. J.: Observations on the splenic flexure syndrome. Ann. Int. Med.,37, 543–552, 1952.
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Palmer, E.D., Deutsch, D.L. & Scott, N.M. Clinical experiences with the splenic flexure syndrome and the hepatic flexure syndrome. American Journal of Digestive Diseases 22, 194–197 (1955). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02886727
- Gall Bladder
- Splenic Flexure
- Gall Bladder Disease
- Hepatic Flexure
- Biliary Dyskinesia