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Effects of thermal and moisture transport properties of T-shirts on wearer’s comfort sensations


Little work has been done in the past on how clothing thermal and moisture transport properties affect human comfort sensations during different periods of an exercise. In this work, by correlating the thermal and moisture transport properties of T-shirt fabrics and garments with the comfort sensations during different stages of exercises, we found that thickness, thermal insulation and warm/cool feeling of the T-shirt fabrics are important to warmth sensation, skin wetness sensation and overall comfort throughout the entire period of exercise and immediately after the exercise. Water vapor transmission properties of T-shirt fabrics or garments are not important to comfort sensations at the start of the exercise, but become an important factor to comfort sensations in the middle of the exercise up to the resting period after the running exercise, probably due to the fact that sweating occurs during these periods. Fabric water absorption and air permeability are not significant factors at the start and during the exercise, but are important after exercise, probably because these properties determine how quickly the skin can be dried after sweating.

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Correspondence to J. Fan.

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Kar, F., Fan, J., Yu, W. et al. Effects of thermal and moisture transport properties of T-shirts on wearer’s comfort sensations. Fibers Polym 8, 537–542 (2007).

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  • Thermal comfort
  • Clothing thermal properties
  • Clothing moisture transport properties
  • Comfort sensations
  • Exercise