Advertisement

The Review of Black Political Economy

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 75–92 | Cite as

Economic growth, structural change, and the relative income status of blacks in the U.S. economy, 1947–78

  • Donald J. Harris
Articles

Conclusion

The preceding analysis shows that it is possible to give a consistent and meaningful account of postwar changes in the relative position of Blacks as related to broad macrostructural forces operating in the economy as a whole. Of these, perhaps the most commonly recognized are cyclical forces associated with fluctuations in aggregate output and employment. Some support is found here for the role of these forces, though the strength of their effect varies as between earnings and income and between individuals and families. But quite apart from such cyclical factors, there are other powerful factors, of an economic as well as political nature, that have operated to influence the position of Blacks. This analysis has succeeded in isolating some of these other factors.

Keywords

Labor Market Upward Mobility Black Political Economy Current Population Report Sorting Mechanism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. A. Adams and G. Nestel, “Interregional Migration, Education and Poverty in the Urban Ghetto: Another Look at Black-White Earnings Differentials,”Review of Economics and Statistics 68 (May 1976): 156–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. O. Ashenfelter, “Changes in Labor Market Discrimination Over Time,”Journal of Human Resources 5 (fall 1970): 404–30.Google Scholar
  3. R. B. Freeman, “Changes in the Labor Market for Black Americans, 1948-72,”Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1 (1973): 67–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. R. B. Freeman, “Black Economic Progress after 1964: Who Has Gained and Why?,” inStudies in Labor Markets, ed. S. Rosen (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981), 247–94.Google Scholar
  5. J. Gwartney, “Changes in the Nonwhite/White Income Ratio — 1939-67,”American Economic Review 60 (December 1970): 872–83.Google Scholar
  6. D. J. Harris, “The Black Ghetto as ‘Internal Colony’: A Theoretical Critique and Alternative Formulation,”Review of Black Political Economy 2 (summer 1972): 3–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. D. J. Harris, “Capitalist Exploitation and Black Labor: Some Conceptual Issues,”Review of Black Political Economy 8 (winter 1978): 133–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. J. G. Haworth, J. Gwartney, and C. Haworth, “Earnings, Productivity, and Changes in Employment Discrimination During the 1960’s,”American Economic Review 65 (March 1975): 158–68.Google Scholar
  9. D. Johnson and R. Campbell,Black Migration in America (Durham: Duke University Press, 1981).Google Scholar
  10. T. Kneisner, A. Padilla, and S. Polachek, “The Rate of Return to Schooling and the Business Cycle,”Journal of Human Resources 13, no. 2 (1978): 264–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. H. Levin, “Education and Earnings of Blacks and theBrown Decision,” inHave We Overcome?, ed. M. Namorato (Jackson, Miss.: University Press of Mississippi, 1979), 79–119.Google Scholar
  12. S. H. Masters,Black-White Income Differentials (New York: Academic Press, 1975).Google Scholar
  13. D. W. Rasmussen, “A Note on the Relative Income of Nonwhite Men 1948-1964,”Quarterly Journal of Economics 84 (February 1970): 168–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. M. Reich,Racial Inequality, A Political-Economic Analysis (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981).Google Scholar
  15. J. P. Smith and F. Welch,Race Differences in Earnings: A Survey and New Evidence (Santa Monica, Cal.: Rand, March 1978).Google Scholar
  16. L. C. Thurow,Poverty and Discrimination (Washington, D.C.: Brookings, 1969).Google Scholar
  17. L. Weiss and J. G. Williamson, “Black Education, Earnings, and Interregional Migration: Some New Evidence,”American Economic Review 62 (June 1972): 372–83.Google Scholar
  18. R. D. Weiss, “The Effects of Education on the Earnings of Blacks and Whites,”Review of Economics and Statistics 52 (May 1970): 159–59.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald J. Harris

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations