Glycosylated haemoglobin-a diagnostic tool in pregnant diabetics
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Blood samples of 40 pregnant women were analysed for glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood sugar. The patients were followed up till delivery and their obstetric outcome was analysed in conjunction with the glycaemic profile and the level of glycosylated haemoglobin. Group I comprising the normal pregnant women showed a mean HbA1c of 6.23% at 20–40 weeks of gestation. In contrast the diabetic pregnant women (group II) at the same gestation demonstrated an HbA1c of 9.4%. Further group IIA of gestational diabetic women showed an HbA1c of 8.97% and group IIB comprising the overt diabetics had HbA1c of 9.86%. The mother who delivered a congenitally malformed child had an elevated HbA1c of 10.4% during pregnancy. Seven cases of macrosomia were reported and the mean HbA1c of their mothers at 20–40 weeks of gestation was found to be 9.91%. Six mothers delivered infants who developed respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) soon after birth and all these six had elevated HbA1c with a mean of 8.9%. Abortions were also associated with elevated HbA1c of 10.3% antenatally. One case of still birth was reported and the mother demonstrated an elevated glycosylated haemoglobin during pregnancy. An HbA1c of 10% or more was associated with abortion, still-birth, or congenitally malformed babies.
Key wordsHbA1c Pregnancy Diabetes
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