Economic Botany

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 361–368 | Cite as

Early evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum)

  • M. J. McLeod
  • Sheldon I. Guttman
  • W. Hardy Eshbaugh
Article

Abstract

An hypothesis is advanced based upon geographical information and data from horizontal starch gel electrophoresis regarding the place and mode of evolution of the chili peppers (Capsicum). The hypothesis suggests a major portion of the genusCapsicum arose in a nuclear area in south central Bolivia with subsequent migration into the Andes and lowland Amazonia accompanied by radiation and speciation.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Ansay, M., and R. Hanset. 1972. Soluble glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (GOT) polymorphism in cattle. Anim. Blood Grps. Biochem. Genet. 3: 163–168.Google Scholar
  2. Band, H. T. 1975. A survey of isozyme polymorphism in aDrosophila melanogaster natural population. Genetics 80: 761–771.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bosbach, K., and H. Hurka. 1981. Biosystematic studies onCapsella bursa-pastoris (Brassicaceae): Enzyme polymorphism in natural populations. Pl. Syst. Evol. 137: 73–94.Google Scholar
  4. Chennaveeraiah, M. S., and A. F. Habib. 1966. Recent advances in the cytogenetics ofCapsicum. Proc. Autumn School Bot. 1966: 69–90.Google Scholar
  5. Emboden, W. A., {jrJr.} 1961. A preliminary study of the crossing relationships ofCapsicum baccatum. Butler Univ. Bot. Stud. 14: 1–5.Google Scholar
  6. Eshbaugh, W. H. 1964. A numerical taxonomic and cytogenetic study of certain species of the genusCapsicum. Ph.D. Diss., Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN.Google Scholar
  7. — 1975. Genetic and biochemical systematic studies of chili peppers (Capsicum—Solanaceae). Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 102: 396–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. — 1980. The taxonomy of the genusCapsicum (Solanaceae)—1980. Phytologia 47: 153–166.Google Scholar
  9. Heiser, C. B., {jrJr.} 1976. Peppers—Capsicum (Solanaceae), p. 265–268.In N. W. Simmonds, ed, Evolution of Crop Plants. Longman, London.Google Scholar
  10. Jensen, R. J., M. J. McLeod, W. H. Eshbaugh, and S. I. Guttman. 1979. Numerical taxonomic analyses of allozymic variation inCapsicum (Solanaceae). Taxon 28: 315–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Levin, D. A. 1975. Genetic correlates of translocation heterozygosity in plants. BioScience 25: 724–728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Manwell, C, and C. M. A. Baker. 1970. Molecular Biology and the Origin of Species: Heterosis, Protein Polymorphism, and Animal Breeding. Univ. Washington Press, Seattle, WA.Google Scholar
  13. McLeod, M. J., W. H. Eshbaugh, and S. I. Guttman. 1979a. A preliminary biochemical systematic study of the genusCapsicum—Solanaceae. p. 701–713.In J. G. Hawkes, R. N. Lester, and A. D. Skelding, ed, The Biology and Taxonomy of the Solanaceae. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  14. —. 1979b. An electrophoretic study ofCapsicum (Solanaceae): The purpleflowered taxa. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 106: 326–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pickersgill, B. 1980. Some aspects of interspecific hybridization inCapsicum. Unpublished and preliminary report presented at the IVth EUCARPIACapsicum working group meetings in Wageningen, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  16. Pickersgill, B., C. B. Heiser, {jrJr.}, and J. McNeill. 1979. Numerical taxonomic studies on variation and domestication in some species ofCapsicum, p. 679–700.In J. G. Hawkes, R. N. Lester, and A. D. Skelding, ed, The Biology and Taxonomy of the Solanaceae. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  17. Singh, R. S. 1976. Substrate-specific enzyme variation in natural populations ofDrosophila pseudoobscura. Genetics 82: 507–526.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Stebbins, G. L. 1972. Ecological distribution of centers of major adaptive radiation in angiosperms, p. 7–34.In D. H. Valentine, ed, Taxonomy, Phytogeography, and Evolution. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  19. —, and J. Major. 1965. Endemism and speciation in the California flora. Ecol. Monogr. 35: 1–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Unzueta, O. 1975. Mapa Ecologica de Bolivia. Ministerio de Asuntos Compesinos y Agropecuarios, La Paz.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© New York Botanical Garden 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. McLeod
    • 1
  • Sheldon I. Guttman
    • 1
  • W. Hardy Eshbaugh
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyMiami UniversityOxford
  2. 2.Department of BotanyMiami UniversityOxford
  3. 3.Biology DepartmentBelmont Abbey CollegeBelmont

Personalised recommendations