Medicinal plants of Northern and Central Oman (Arabia)

Abstract

The use of medicinal herbs in northern and central Oman (Arabia) is still common today. Plants known for their curative powers are used for a wide spectrum of diseases, from common cold and fever to paralysis and diabetes. Herbal medicines are dispensed, after “diagnosis” from a herbal healer. The detailed uses of 35 native and 21 cultivated plants and their chemical composition are given.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Literature cited

  1. Al-Sabahi, A. M. A. 1991. The medicinal plants of northern Oman: their morphology, distribution and application. Report submitted in partial fulfillment of B.Sc. Degree at Sultan Qaboos University, Oman. Unpublished.

  2. Arab, A. 1976. Some pharmacological properties of ricinine. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis. University of Alexandria, Egypt.

  3. Attib Al Shaabi al Tabib. 1980. Al-Hasad. Ministry of Natural Heritage and Culture. Nadwat Al-Dirasal Al-Omani. Amon Press, Cairo. Arabic text.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Ayensu, E. S. 1979. Plants for medicinal uses with special reference to arid zones. Pages 117–178in J. R. Goodwin and D. K. Northington, eds., Arid land plant resources. Lubbock, TX.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Chatty, D. 1984. Health and nutrition among the Harasiis.In A study of the needs and problems of the Harasiis population. United Nations Report.

  6. Chopra, R. N., S. L. Nayar, and I. C. Chopra.1956. Glossary of Indian medicinal plants. CISR, New Delhi.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Cronquist, A. 1981. An integrated system of classification of flowering plants. Columbia University Press, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  8. El-Mostehy, M. R., A. A. Al-Jassem, I. A. Al-Yassin, A. R. Al-Gindy, and E. Shoukry. 1981. Siwak as an oral health device; preliminary chemical and clinical evaluation. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Islamic medicine. Kuwait.

  9. Foster, G. M., and B. G. Anderson. 1978. Medicinal anthropology. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1990. Herbal medicines and prac- tices in northern Oman. Abstracts of the III Inter- national Congress on Traditional Asian Medicine. Bombay, India.

  11. -. n.d. Annotatated catalogue of the flora of the Sultanate of Oman: with their vernacular names. Scripta botanica belgica. Belgium. (In press).

  12. Ghoneim, M. T. 1990. Phytochemical properties of various plants mentioned in the text of Plants of Dhofar. WHO report.

  13. Hakim, G. M., and N. D. Chisti. 1988. The traditional healer. Thorsons Publishing Group, U.K.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Harborne, J. B., T. M. Mabry, and H. Mabry. 1975. The flavonoids. Chapman and Hall, London.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Howes, F.N. 1949. Vegetable gums and resins. Waltham, MA.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Kotob, F. T. 1981. Medicinal plants. Growth and components. Daar Al-Marrikh Press, Riyad, Saudi Arabia.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Laurens, A., and R. R. Paris. 1977. Sur les polyphenols d’ Anacardiacees africanes et malgaches,Poupartia species andAnacardium occidentalis. Plantes médicinales et phytothérapie11:16–24.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Lewis, W. H., and M. P. F. Elvin-Lewis. 1977. Medical Botany, plants affecting man’s health. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Miller, A. G., and M. Morris. 1988. Plants of Dhofar, the southern region of Oman. Traditional, economic and medicinal uses. The Office of the Advisor for Conservation of the Environment, Diwan of Royal Court. Sultanate of Oman.

  20. Morton, J. F. 1977. Major medicinal plants, botany, culture and uses. Charles C Thomas, Springfield, IL.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Oliver-Bever, B. 1986. Medicinal plants in tropical West Africa. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Owdat, M., and G. Laham. 1987. Medicinal plants and their uses. Al Ahli Press, Egypt.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Rizk, A. M. 1986. The phytochemistry of the flora of Qatar. Scientific and Applied Research Center. University of Qatar.

  24. Rizkallah, M. M., G. H. Mahra, and H. A. Saber. 1967.Calotropis procera Ait. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences of the United Arab Republic8:71–80.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Sofowora, A. 1980. The present status of the plants used in traditional medicine in western Africa. A medical approach and a chemical evaluation. Journal of Ethno-pharmacology2:109–118.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  26. Trease, G. E., and W. C. Evans. 1973. Pharmacognosy. 10th ed. Bailliere, Tindall and Cassell, London.

    Google Scholar 

  27. Thomson, R. H. 1971. Naturally occurring quinones. Academic Press, London, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Watt, J.M., and M. G. Breyer-Bandwijk. 1962. The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa. Livingstone, London.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shahina A. Ghazanfar.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ghazanfar, S.A., Al-Al-Sabahi, A.M. Medicinal plants of Northern and Central Oman (Arabia). Econ Bot 47, 89–98 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02862209

Download citation

Key Words

  • medicinal plants
  • herbal medicine
  • Oman
  • Arabia
  • Graeco-Arab medicine
  • Unani tibb