Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea), food, feed, fuel, and fiber resource

Abstract

Arrowroot biomass and processing residues were evaluated as as a feed, fuel and fiber resource. Ensiled aerial biomass and coarse and fine arrowroot processing residues contained 10.8–21.1% crude protein; 11.1–30.2% crude fiber; 3.8–17.0% ash; and an in vitro dry matter digestibility of 38.5–60.3%. Theoretical yields of 0.27 and 1.60 l of methane at standard temperature and pressure per liter of rhizome wash water and starch-settling water were calculated, respectively. Fuel alcohol production potential from yeast-supplemented aerial biomass and coarse residue were identified. Laboratory pulping of coarse residue was performed. The coarse residue has qualities that may be suited to tear-resistant specialty grade papers, such as wrapping paper and bags. The utilization of arrowroot by-products may lead to increased cultivation of this species as a food, feed, fuel and fiber resource. By-product utilization will also reduce environmental pollution presently resulting from direct discharge of unused by-products.

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Correspondence to B. A. Erdman.

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Reference to a company and/or product named by the USDA is only for purposes of information and does not imply approval or recommendation of the product to the exclusion of others.

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Erdman, M.D., Erdman, B.A. Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea), food, feed, fuel, and fiber resource. Econ Bot 38, 332–341 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02859011

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Keywords

  • Chemical Oxygen Demand
  • Bagasse
  • Economic Botany
  • Methane Production
  • Acid Detergent Fiber