Pejibaye palm (Bactris gasipaes, Arecaceae): Multi-use potential for the lowland humid tropics
- Cite this article as:
- Clement, C.R. & UrpÍ, J.E.M. Econ Bot (1987) 41: 302. doi:10.1007/BF02858977
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Pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes) was domesticated and widely used in the lowland humid neotropics during pre-Colombian times. Several research programs are underway to study and improve the species for use by farmers in ecologically suitable regions. Five breeding programs are outlined, each for a use to which the pejibaye may be put: (1) palmito (heart of palm), (2) whole fruit for human consumption, (3) flour and meal production, (4) oil production, and (5) animal ration from residues or purposefully bred varieties. Yield estimates and breeding problems are discussed. It is certain that the pejibaye can again become an important crop for the humid tropics.