Chinese chestnut production in the United States: Practice, problems, and possible solutions

Abstract

There are fewer than 162 ha of commercial Chinese chestnut orchards in the United States, with approximately half of these in the Southeast. Large numbers of Chinese chestnut seedlings are planted annually in the United States for home and game food production; however, knowledge about chestnut propagation, fertilization, pests, harvest, storage and marketing is not adequate. There is little commercial marketing of U.S.-grown Chinese chestnuts through roadside markets and local farmers’ markets as the supply is low and unpredictable. However, we yearly import 4.5 mill kg of European chestnuts to satisfy the U.S. market. Successful chestnut orchards will require vegetatively propagated selections, intensive management, mechanical harvesting, and control of insect and disease pests.

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Correspondence to Jerry A. Payne.

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Payne, J.A., Jaynes, R.A. & Kays, S.J. Chinese chestnut production in the United States: Practice, problems, and possible solutions. Econ Bot 37, 187–200 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02858784

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Keywords

  • Economic Botany
  • Emodin
  • American Chestnut
  • Mechanical Harvesting
  • Chestnut Tree