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Acta Academiae Medicinae Wuhan

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 16–23 | Cite as

Parasitological investigation on the ancient corpse of the Western Han Dynasty unearthed from tomb No. 168 on Phoenix Hill in Jiangling county

  • Wei Dexiang
  • Yang Wenyuan
  • Huang Shenqi
  • Lu Yunfang
  • Su Tiancheng
  • Ma Jiahua
  • Hu Wenxiu
  • Xie Nianfeng
Article

Summary

This paper presents our parasitological studies on the ancient corpse of Western Han Dynasty unearthed from tomb No. 168 on Phoenix Hill in Jiangling county, Hubei province. It was found that eggs of four species of parasites in it, belong to Schistosoma japonicum, Clonorchis sinensis, Taeniarhynchus saginatus (or Taenia solium), and Trichuris trichiura respectively. This shows that early in 167 B.C. there was prevalence of four kinds of the above-mentioned parasitoses in Jiangling county area. The ancient corpse is recognized as the earliest case of these four parasitic diseases ever reported in the world’s medical literature.

In this paper such questions as the circumstance of Old Yunmong Lake (earlier name) or Jianghan lakes group (recent name), its formation and constitution, and the natural material conditions for prevalence of parasitoses are discussed in detail. Other social and productive factors predisposing to parasitic infections, such as the life style, farm and sideline productive activities of ancient people are also dealt with. Moreover, the special significance of eggshells of parasites in preservation is considered as well.

Key words

ancient corpse eggs of parasites prevalence of parasitoses history of parasitoses parasitoses in China 

Parasitologische Untersuchungen einer alten Leiche aus der westlichen Han—Dynastie aus dem Grab Nr. 168 am Phoenix—Berg im Kreis Jiang-ling

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Copyright information

© Wuhan Medical College 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Dexiang
    • 1
  • Yang Wenyuan
    • 1
  • Huang Shenqi
    • 1
  • Lu Yunfang
    • 2
  • Su Tiancheng
    • 3
  • Ma Jiahua
    • 1
  • Hu Wenxiu
    • 1
  • Xie Nianfeng
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Medical SciencesWuhan Medical CollegeWmhan
  2. 2.Institute of Parasitic DiseasesHubei Academy of Medical SciencesWuhan
  3. 3.Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Medical SciencesHubei Medical CollegeWuhan

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