Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention. Revised April 2002. Global Initiative for Asthma web site. Washington, DC: National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. NIH Publication No. 02-3659. Available at: http://www.ginasthma.com/ workshop.pdf. Accessed September 11, 2004.
Ulahannan T, Hardern RD, Hamer DW. Do accident and emergency senior house officers know the British guidelines on the management of acute asthma?Postgrad Med J. 1996;72:162–163.
Stanford R, McLaughlin T, Okamoto LJ. The cost of asthma in the emergency department and hospital.Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999;160: 211–215.
Ulusal Astim Tani ve Tedavi Rehberi. Toraks Dergisi 2000;1(EK1). Available at: http://www.toraks. org.tr/sub/yayinlar/astim.php. Accessed June 1, 2003.
Town I, Kwong T, Holst P, Beasley R. Use of a management plan for treating asthma in an emergency department.Thorax. 1990;45:702–706.
Chidley KE, Wood-Baker R, Town GI, Sleet RA, Holgate ST. Reassessment of asthma management in an accident and emergency department.Respir Med. 1991;85:373–377.
Pinnock H, Johnson A, Young P, Martin N. Are doctors still failing to assess and treat asthma attacks? An audit of the management of acute attacks in a health district.Respir Med. 1999;93: 397–401.
Hart SR, Davidson AC. Acute adult asthma-assessment of severity and management and comparison with British Thoracic Society Guidelines.Respir Med. 1999, 93;8–10.
Salmeron S, Liard R, Elkharrat D, Muir J, Neukirch F, Ellrodt A. Asthma severity and adequacy of management in accident and emergency departments in France: a prospective study.Lancet. 2001;358:629–635.
Rodrigo GJ, Rodrigo C. The role of anticholinergics in acute asthma treatment: an evidencebased evaluation.Chest. 2002;121:1977–1987.
Edmonds ML, Camarga CA Jr, Pollack CV Jr, Rowe BH. The effectiveness of inhaled corticosteroids in the emergency department treatment of acute asthma: a meta-analysis.Ann Emerg Med. 2002; 40:145–154.
Littenberg B, Gluck EH. A controlled trial of methylprednisolone in the emergency treatment of acute asthma.N Engl J Med. 1986;314:150–152.
Storr J, Barrell E, Barry W, Lenney W, Hatcher G. Effect of a single oral dose of prednisolone in acute childhood asthma.Lancet. 1987;1:879–882.
Rodrigo G, Rodrigo C. Corticosteroids in the emergency department therapy of acute adult asthma: an evidence-based evaluation.Chest. 1999;116:285–295.
Rowe BH, Keller JL, Oxman AD. Effectiveness of steroid therapy in acute exacerbations of asthma: a meta-analysis.Am J Emerg Med. 1992;10:301–310.
Becker JM, Arora A, Scarfone RJ, et al. Oral versus intravenous corticosteroids in children hospitalized with asthma.J Allerg Clin Immunol. 1999;103:586–590.
Jonsson S, Kjartansson G, Gislason D, Helgason H. Comparison of the oral and intravenous routes for treating asthma with methylprednisolone and theophylline.Chest. 1998;94:723–726.
Thomas JA, Potter MW, Counselman FL, Smith DG. Emergency physician practice and steroid use in the management of acute exacerbations of asthma.Am J Emerg Med. 2001;19:465–468.
Grunfeld A, Beveridge RC, Berkowitz J, FitzGerald JM. Management of acute asthma in Canada: an assessment of emergency physician behaviour.J Emerg Med. 1997;15:547–556.