Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 269–274 | Cite as

Seasonal evolution of circulation and thermal structure in the Yellow Sea

  • Pang Chongguang
  • Bai Xuezhi
  • Bai Hong
  • Wang Fan


In this paper, the authors used the Princeton Ocean Model (POM) to simulate the seasonal evolutions of circulation and thermal structure in the Yellow Sea. The simulated circulation showed that the Yellow Sea Warm Current (YSWC) was a compensation current of monsoon-driven current, and that in winter, the YSWC became stronger with depth, and could flow across the Bohai Strait in the north. Sensitivity and controlling tests led to the following conclusions. In winter, the direction of the Yellow Sea Coastal Current in the surface layer was controlled partly by tide instead of wind. In summer, a cyclonic horizontal gyre existed in the middle and eastern parts of the Yellow Sea below 10 m. The downwelling in upper layer and upwelling in lower layer were somehow similar to Hu et al. (1991) conceptual model. The calculated thermal structure showed an obvious northward extending YSWC tongue in winter, its position and coverage of the Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass in summer.

Key words

seasonal evolution numerical simulation circulation thermal structure the Yellow Sea 


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Copyright information

© Science Press 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pang Chongguang
    • 1
  • Bai Xuezhi
    • 1
  • Bai Hong
    • 1
  • Wang Fan
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy SciencesQingdaoChina

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