Ionic conductivity and anion diffusion in single crystals of lead chloride
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The ionic conductivity and self-diffusion of chlorine ions in undoped single crystals of zone-refined lead chloride have been measured over the temperature range 625–370K. These measurements suggest that the conductivity and self-diffusion are due to simple vacancy migration as confirmed by the observed correlation factor. The activation energy of formation of vacancies is found to be 1.55 eV and that for migration of an anion is 0.38 eV. In the extrinsic region, the two measurements show marked discrepancies which are explained by assuming the presence of oxygen impurity ions in the lattice, and the mechanisms for their contribution to the observed excess conductivity are discussed.
KeywordsLead chloride anion diffusion ionic conductivity transport property
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