Skip to main content
Log in

Serum, zinc and copper levels in children with protein energy malnutrition

  • Original Article
  • Published:
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Serum zinc and copper were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in 58 children (3 months-5 years); of these, 46 children had protein energy malnutrition (PEM), and 12 children served as controls. The levels of serum zinc and copper were found to be significantly low in children with severe malnutrition (grades III and IV PEM). There was a significant positive correlation between serum zinc and height-for-age (r=0.8809, p<0.001). Serum copper was found low only in children exhibiting marked linear growth retardation (height-for-age <85% of the normal). Hypoalbuminemia (serum albumin <2.5 g/dl), and anemia (hemoglobin ≤8.0 g/dl) in malnourished children were associated with significant decline in serum zinc and copper levels, respectively.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Sharda B, Bhandari B. Serum zinc in protein calorie malnutrition.Indian Pediatr 1977; 14:195–196.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Jain VK, Khan MA, Inamdar S, Mathur PS, Dabke AT. Estimation of copper in serum, erythrocyte and urine in protein energy malnutrition.Indian Pediatr 1976; 13:767–771.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Goel R, Mishra PK. Study of plasma zinc in protein energy malnutrition.Indian Pediatr 1980; 17:863–867.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Sharda B, Bhandari B, Goyal SC, Bhandari LM. Study of Cu, Zn, Mg, Cd in grade III–IV malnutritions.J Assoc Phys India 1982; 30:501–503.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. King JC, Keen CL. Zinc. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, eds.Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 8th edn. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1994: pp 214–230.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Golden MHN, Golden BE, Benett FI. Relationship of trace element deficiencies to malnutrition. In: Chandra RK, ed.Trace Elements in Nutrition of Children. New York: Raven Press, 1985: pp 185–207.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Chesters JK, Arthur JR. Early biochemical defects caused by dietary trace element deficiencies.Nutr Res Rev 1988; 1:39–56.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Sharda B. Trace element research in pediatric practice.Indian Pediatr 1992; 29: 131–138.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Nutrition Sub-committee of the Indian Academy of Pediatrics. Report.Indian Pediatr 1972; 9:360.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Waterlow JC. Classification and definition of protein energy malnutrition. In: Beaton GH, Bengoa JM, eds.Nutrition in Preventive Medicine. WHO, Geneva, 1976, 62:530–555.

    Google Scholar 

  11. National Centre for Health Statistics, NCHS Growth Charts, 1976.

  12. Hambidge KM. Trace elements-zinc, copper, selenium, manganese, chromium and molybdenum. In: McLaren DS, Burman D, Belton NR, Williams AF, eds.Textbook of Paediatric Nutrition, 3rd edn. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 1991: 459–479.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Castillo-Duran C, Uauy R. Copper deficiency impairs growth of infants recovering from malnutrition.Am J Clin Nutr 1988; 47:710–714.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Simmer K, Khanun S, Carlsson L, Thompson RPH. Nutritional rehabilitation in Bangla Desh-the importance of zinc.Am J Clin Nutr 1988; 47:1036–1040.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Fairweather-Tait SJ. Zinc in human nutrition.Nutr Res Rev 1988; 1:23–37.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Sharda B. Zinc nutriture in malnutrition (PEM).Curr Med Pract 1988; 32:225–231.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Sharda B. Trace elements in nutrition of children. In: Gupte S, ed.Recent Advances in Pediatrics, vol 1. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers, 1991:205–217.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Shrivastava SP, Roy AK, Jana UK. Zinc supplementation in protein energy malnutrition.Indian Pediatr 1993; 30:779–782.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Goel R, Mishra PK, Seth TD. Study of plasma copper in protein energy malnutrition.Indian Pediatr 1980; 17:869–873.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Turnlund JR. Copper. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, eds.Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 8th edn. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1994: 231–241.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Castillo-Duran C, Heresi G, Fisberg M, Uauy R. Controlled clinical trial of zinc supplementation during recovery from malnutrition effects on growth and immune function.Am J Clin Nutr 1987; 45: 602–608.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Singla, P.N., Chand, P., Kumar, A. et al. Serum, zinc and copper levels in children with protein energy malnutrition. Indian J Pediatr 63, 199–203 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02845244

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02845244

Key words

Navigation