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Various kinds of remote sensors, active and passive, covering a significant part of the electromagnetic spectrum from ultraviolet to microwave regions have been developed for observation of earth for the purpose of resource survey. Several of the widely used remote sensors (in the visible and infrared region) beginning from photographic cameras to the modern-day linear imaging self-scanning sensors have been described with reference to the state-of-the-art, critical parameters, performance limitations etc. User requirements with regard to various system parameters of the remote sensors have been analysed. Some future trends in the development of remote sensors for spaceborne applications have been touched upon.

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Joseph, G., Manjunath, A.S. Optical infrared remote sensors. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Engg. Sci.) 6, 121–133 (1983).

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