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A multivariate morphological analysis of the Cardamine concatenata alliance (Brassicaceae)

Abstract

Principal coordinate analysis using Gower’s similarity coefficient and canonical discriminant analysis were performed using morphological data to assess species distinctness in theCardamine concatenata alliance, comprising the eastern North American dentarias. The results of an overall principal coordinate analysis of the alliance using quantitative and qualitative characters revealed distinct and separate clusters that correspond to five previously recognized species (C. angustata, C. concatenata, C. diphylla, C. dissecta, C. maxima). One additional taxon,C. incisa, was found to group closely with theC. diphylla cluster. In a second principal coordinate analysis including only individuals fromC. diphylla andC. incisa, both are supported as distinct morphological entities. Canonical discriminant analysis of only above-ground quantitative characters was less effective in distinguishing previously recognized taxa, in keeping with the emphasis on qualitative characters in previous taxonomic treatments of the group.Cardamine incisa (Eames) Schumann (pro hybr.) is raised to the rank of species. A key to the species of theCardamine concatenata alliance is provided.

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Sweeney, P.W., Price, R.A. A multivariate morphological analysis of the Cardamine concatenata alliance (Brassicaceae). Brittonia 53, 82–95 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02805400

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Key words

  • Brassicaceae
  • Cardamine concatenata alliance
  • Dentaria
  • Cardamine incisa
  • principal coordinate analysis
  • morphological species