Accumulation of cadmium, lead, and nickel by fungal and wood biosorbents

Abstract

Native fungal biomass of fungiAbsidia orchidis, Penicillium chrysogenum, Rhizopus arrhizus, Rhizopus nigricans, and modified spruce sawdust (Picea engelmanii) sequestered metals in the following decreasing preference pb>Cd>Ni. The highest metal uptake was qmax = 351 mg Pb/gA. orchidis biomass. P.chrysogenum biomass could accumulate cadmium best at 56 mg Cd/g. The sorption of nickel was the weakest always at < 5 mg Ni/g. The spruce sawdust was modified by crosslinking, oxidation to acidic oxoforms, and by substitution. The highest metal uptake was observed in phosphorylated sawdust reaching qmax = 224 mg Pb/g, 56 mg Cd/g, and 26 mg Ni/g. The latter value is comparable to the value of nickel sorption by wet commercial resin Duolite GT-73. Some improvement in metal uptake was also observed after reinforcement of fungal biomass.

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Correspondence to Z. R. Holan.

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Holan, Z.R., Volesky, B. Accumulation of cadmium, lead, and nickel by fungal and wood biosorbents. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 53, 133–146 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02788603

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Index Entries

  • Biosorption
  • cadmium
  • lead, nickel
  • fungal biomass
  • Absidia orchidis
  • Penicillium chrysogenum
  • Rhizopus arrhizus
  • Rhizopus nigricans
  • sawdust sorption