Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 241–247 | Cite as

Effect of initial phosphate concentration on cell growth and ginsenoside saponin production by suspended cultures of panax notoginseng

  • Jian-Jiang Zhong
  • Qiu-Xiang Zhu
Original Articles


Effects of initial phosphate concentration on the growth, ginsenoside saponin production, and the consumption of sugar and nitrogen sources by suspended cells ofPanax notoginseng (Burk) F. H. Chen were investigated in a 250-mL shake flask. The results indicate that by increasing the initial phosphate concentration in the medium in the range of 0–1.25 mM, both the cell growth and the saponin accumulation were greatly improved, and the utilization of sugar and nitrogen sources was also increased. The highest production, productivity, and yield of ginsenosides obtained were 0.98 g/L, 45.5 mg/L/d, and 0.030 g/g at 1.25 mM of initial medium phosphate. At a relatively higher level of medium phosphate, i.e., 2.0 mM, the product accumulation was inhibited to some degree, although the cell growth was not.

Index Entries

Cell growth ginsenoside saponin initial phosphate concentration nutrient utilization Panax notoginseng plant cell culture secondary metabolite production 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian-Jiang Zhong
    • 1
  • Qiu-Xiang Zhu
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute of Biochemical EngineeringEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiChina

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