Quantum decay rate of a nonlinear dissipative system with fission-like potential nearT c
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We use a thermodynamic scheme (imaginary free energy method) in terms of the path integral technique to study the quantum decay rates of a metastable state system coupled to a heat bath in the crossover temperature (T c) region. In this region the transition between thermally activated decay and tunneling occurs. A nonlinear coupling form factor is used to overcome the divergent integral in the partition function nearT c. The decay rate formula based on the steepest descent approximation has been improved. A method is developed to calculate the real and imaginary parts of the partition function which combines a random walk method with fast-Fourier transform Monte-Carlo evaluation. For a nonlinear dissipative system with a damping correlation kernel of exponential form, the accurate numerical calculations are presented. The effects of nonlinear and frequency-dependent damping on the rate are shown.
PACS25.85.-w 05.40.+j 03.65.Db
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