Advertisement

Forstwissenschaftliches Centralblatt

, Volume 95, Issue 1, pp 211–225 | Cite as

Die Abhängigkeit des Gaswechsels junger Fichtenpflanzen vom Wasserpotential des Wurzelmediums und von der Luftfeuchtigkeit bei unterschiedlichen CO2-Gehalten der Luft

  • K. Gross
Article

Dependence of rates of net photosynthesis and transpiration of Picea abies seedlings on water potential of the root medium and on air humidity with different CO2 concentrations

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Barrs, H. D., 1971; Cyclic variations in stomatal aperture, transpiration, and leaf water potential under constant environmental conditions. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol.22, 223–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bazzaz, F. A.;Boyer, J. S., 1972: A compensating method for measuring carbon dioxide exchange, transpiration, and diffusive resistances of plants under controlled environmental conditions. Ecology53, 343–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Becker, M., 1970: Transpiration and drought behaviour of some forest seedlings (Abies alba Mill,Picea abies [L.]Karst., Pinus nigra Arn. ssp.laricio Poir.,Pinus strobus L.). Ann. Sci. Forest27, 401–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Begg, J. E.;Jarvis, P. G., 1968: Photosynthesis in Townsville Lucerne (Stylosanthes humilis). Agr. Meteorol.5, 91–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Braun, H. J.;Schmidt, P., 1972: Methodische Versuche zur direkten Messung des absoluten Wasserverbrauches der Holzpflanzen. Z. Pflanzenphysiol.66, 337–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cowan, I. R., 1972: Oscillations in stomatal conductance and plant functioning associated with stomatal conductance: observations and a model. Planta106, 185–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cox, L. M.;Boersma, L., 1967: Transpiration as a function of soil temperature and soil water stress. Plant Physiol.42, 550–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Davies, W. J.;Kozlowski, T. T., 1975: Stomatal responses to changes in light intensity as influenced by plant water stress. Forest Sci.21, 129–133.Google Scholar
  9. Eaton, F. M., 1941: Water uptake and root growth as influenced by, inequalities in the concentration of the substrate. Plant Physiol.16, 545–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Eubanks, J. O., 1971: Effect of light intensity and osmotic stress on the water relations of Populus tremuloides. Forest Sci.17, 79–82.Google Scholar
  11. Gaastra, P., 1959: Photosynthesis of crop plants as influenced by light, carbon dioxide, temperature, and stomatal diffusion resistance. Meded Landb. Hogesch Wageningen59, 1–68.Google Scholar
  12. Ders.Gaastra, P., 1969: Some comparisons between radiation in growth rooms and radiation under natural conditions. In:Chouard, P.; de Bilderling, N. (ed.): Phytotronique. Paris.Google Scholar
  13. Gee, G. W.;Liu, W.;Olvang, H.;Janes, B. E., 1973: Measurement and control of water potential in a soil-plant system. Soil Sci.115, 336–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hellmuth, E. O., 1971: The effect of varying air-CO2 level, leaf temperature, and illuminance on the CO2 exchange of the dwarf pea,Pisum sativum L. var. Meteor. Photosynthetica5, 190–194.Google Scholar
  15. Holmgren, P.;Jarvis, P. G.;Jarvis, M. S., 1965: Resistances to carbon dioxide and water vapour transfer in leaves of different plant species. Physiol. Plant18, 557–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jackson, W. A.;Volk, R. J., 1970: Photorespiration. Annu Rev. Plant Physiol21, 385–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Janes, B. E., 1970: Effect of carbon dioxide, osmotic potential of nutrient solution, and light intensity on transpiration and resistance of flow of water in pepper plants. Plant Physiol45, 95–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jarvis, P. G.;Jarvis, M. S., 1963a: The water relations of the seedlings. I. Growth and water use in relation to soil water potential. Physiol. Plant16, 215–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dies., 1963b. The water relations of tree seedlings. II. Transpiration in relation to soil water potential. Physiol. Plant16, 236–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dies.,Jarvis, P. G.; Jarvis, M. S., 1965: The water relations of tree seedlings. V. Growth and root respiration in relation to osmotic potential of the root medium. In:Slavik, B. (ed.): Water stress in plants, 167–183. Prag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jeffree, C. E.;Johnson, R. P. C.;Jarvis, P. G., 1971: Epicuticular wax in the stomatal antechamber of Sitka spruce and its effects on the diffusion of water vapour and carbon dioxide. Planta98, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kaufmann, M. R.;Eckard, A. N., 1971: Evaluation of water stress controll with polyethylene glycols by analysis of guttation. Plant Physiol.47, 453–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kaufmann, M. R.;Michel, B. E., 1973: The osmotic potential of polyethylene Glycol 6000. Plant Physiol.51, 914–916.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Klemm, G., 1956: Untersuchungen über den Transpirationswiderstand der Mesophylmembranen und seine Bedeutung als Regulator für die stomatäre Transpiration. Planta47, 547–587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Koch, W., 1968: Untersuchungen über die Wirkung von CO2 auf die Photosynthese einiger Holzgewächse unter Laboratoriumsbedingungen. München.Google Scholar
  26. Kriedemann, P. E., 1971: Photosynthesis and transpiration as a function of gaseous diffusive resistances in orange, leaves. Physiol. Plant24, 218–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Künstle, E.;Mitscherlich, G., 1970: Assimilations- und Transpirations-messungen in einem Stangenholz. Allg. Forst- u. Jagdztg.141, 89–94.Google Scholar
  28. Kuiper, P. J. C., 1961: The effects of environmental factors on the transpiration of leaves, with special reference to stomatal light response. Meded Landb. Hogesch, Wageningen61, 1–49.Google Scholar
  29. Lange, O. L.;Lösch, R.;Schulze, E.-D.;Kappen, L., 1971: Responses of stomata to changes in humidity. Planta100, 76–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Larcher, W., 1973: Okologie der Pflanzen. Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  31. Lopushinsky, W., 1969: Stomatal closure in conifer seedlings in response to leaf moisture stress. Bot Gaz130, 258–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lopushinsky, W.;Klock, G. O., 1974: Transpiration of conifer seedlings in relation to soil water potential. Forest Sci.20, 181–186.Google Scholar
  33. Ludlow, M. M.;Jarvis, P. G., 1971: Photosynthesis in Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis/Bong. Carr.) I. General characteristics. J. Appl. Ecol.8, 925–953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Miller, R., 1959: Assimilationsuntersuchungen an Tannen und Fichten einer Naturverjüngung im Bayrischen Wald. Forstw. Cbl.78, 297–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Minchin, F. R.;Pate, J. S., 1975: Effects of water, aeration and salt regime on nitrogen fixation in a nodulated legume-defination of an optimum root environment. J. Exp. Bot.26, 60–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Moreshet, S., 1970: Effect of environmental factors on cuticular transpiration resistance. Plant Physiol.46, 815–818.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Morris, J. Y.;Tranquillini, W., 1969: Über den Einfluß des osmotischen Potentials des Wurzelsubstrates auf, die Photosyntheses vonPinus contorta-Sämlingen im Wechsel der Jahreszeiten. Flora 158 B, 277–287.Google Scholar
  38. Neilson, R. E.;Ludlow, M. M.;Jarvis, P. G., 1972: Photosynthesis in Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis [Bong.] Carr.) II. Response to temperature. J. Appl. Ecol.9, 721–745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pallas, J. E. jr., 1965: Transpiration and stomatal opening with changes in carbon dioxide content of the air. Science 147, 171–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pisek, A.;Winkler, E., 1959: Licht- und Temperaturabhängigkeit der CO2-Assimilation von Fichte. (Picea excelsa Link.), Zirbe (Pinus cembra L.) und Sonnenblume (Helianthus annuus L.). Planta53, 532–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Raschke, K., 1965: Die Stomata als Glieder eines schwingungsfähigen CO2-Regelsystems. Experimenteller Nachweis an Zea mays L. Z. Naturforschung20, 1261–1270.Google Scholar
  42. Ders., 1967: Zur Steuerung der Transpiration durch die Photosynthese. Ber. Dt. Bot. Ges.80, 138–144.Google Scholar
  43. Raschke, K.;Gale, J., 1973: CO2-dependence of the mesophyll resistance to transpiration. Plant Physiol.51, (Suppl.), 9.Google Scholar
  44. Repp, G.; Wolf, F., 1969: New climatic measuring chambers for plant physiological research. In:Chouard, P.; de Bilderling, N. (ed.): Phytotronique. Paris.Google Scholar
  45. Pittershofer, F.;Blum, W. E.;Koch, W., 1972: Gaswechselphysiologische Untersuchungen an Sproß und Wurzeln von Tanne (Abies alba) in einem Präzisionsphytotron zu angewandten Fragen der Forstpflanzenzüchtung. Forstw. Cbl.91, 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Rutter, A. J.;Sands, K., 1958: The relation of leaf waterdeficit to soil moisture tension inPintus sylvestris L. I. The effect of soil moisture on diurnal changes in water balance. New Phytol.57, 50–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Schulze, E.-D., 1970: Der CO2-Gaswechsel der Buche (F. silvatica L.) in Abhängigkeit von den Klimafaktorem im Freiland. Flora159, 177–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Schulze, E.-D.;Lange, O. L.;Kappen, L.;Buschbom, U.;Uvenari, M., 1973: Stomatal responses to changes in temperature at increasing water stress. Planta110, 29–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Spanner, D. C., 1973: The components of the water potential in plants and soils. J. Exp. Bot.24, 816–819.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Tesche, M.;Gomell, Ch., 1973: The influence of the osmotic potential of nutrient solution on the growth and N content in Picea abies seedlings at different stages of development. Flora162, 371–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Tranquillini, W., 1963: Die Abhängigkeit der Kohlensäureassimilation junger Lärchen, Fichten und Zirben von der Luft- und Bodenfeuchte. Versuche in einem klimatisierten Windkanal. Planta60, 70–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Ders., 1964: Blattemperatur, Evaporation und Photosynthese bei verschiedener Durchströmung der Assimilationsküvette. Ber. Dt. Bot. Ges77, 204–218.Google Scholar
  53. Ders., 1967: Das Phytocyclon, eine neuartige, vollklimatisierte Gaswechselmeßkammer für Pflanzen. Angew. Bot.41, 1–12.Google Scholar
  54. Verfaillie, G. R. M., 1972: A method for the study of the kinetics of photosynthesis at constant rate of transpiration. Results obtained with rice plants (Oriza sativa Maratelli). J. Exp. Bot.23, 1106–1119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Wadleigh, C. H.;Ayers, A. D., 1945: Growth and biochemical composition of bean plants as conditioned by soil moisture tension and salt concentration. Plant Physiol.20, 106–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Walter, H., 1972: Der Wasserhaushalt der Pflanzen in kausaler un kybernetischer Betrachtung. Ber. Dt. Bot. Ges.85, 301–313.Google Scholar
  57. Yeatman, C. W., 1970: CO2 enriched air increased growth of conifer seedlings. For. Chron.46, 229–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Zelitch, I., 1969: Stomatal control. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol.20, 329–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Ders.,Zelitch, I., 1971: Photosynthesis, photorespiration and plant productivity. New York, London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Verlag Paul Parey, Hamburg und Berlin 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Gross
    • 1
  1. 1.Waldbau-Institut der Universität Freiburg i. Br.78 Freiburg/Br

Personalised recommendations