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Forstwissenschaftliches Centralblatt

, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 140–152 | Cite as

Über die Bildung einer Schutzsperre an der Astbasis von Laub- und Nadelbäumen und ihre Wirksamkeit gegen das Eindringen von Pilzen in das Kernholz lebender Bäume

  • Hertha von Aufsess
Abhandlungen

The formation of a protection zone on the base of hardwood and softwood branches and its efficiency against fungi penetrating the heartwood of living trees

Summary

A number of fungi causing heartrot in living trees penetrate into the stem through injured or rotten branches. On the base of normally withering softwood boughs, a zone strongly saturated with resins is formed. Similarly, on the base of dying hardwood branches a zone is found that is characterized by a high starch accumulation and a small, darker separating layer with tyloses and woundgum-like inclusions as a boundary between bough and stem. The resin zone and the seperating layer prevent branchwood-inhabiting fungi by mechanical and chemical means from entering into the stem. Possibly, the protecting effect of these zones is intensified by a certain antagonism between various moulds rotting branchwood or white rot fungi decaying sapwood and some basidiomycetes infecting and destroying the heartwood subsequently.

Since the development of these protecting zones requires living parenchyma cells, they can only be formed in sapwood. Therefore, in older branches, where pithiness still has begun, a protection layer is found in the sapwood region, but missing in the heartwood. When such branches wither or die for any reason, heartwood destroying fungi are able to penetrate through the pith of the dead branch into the pith of the trunkwood, thus causing extensive heartrot.

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Copyright information

© Verlag Paul Parey 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hertha von Aufsess
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für HolzforschungMünchen 40

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