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Cationic, thermally cured coatings using epoxidized soybean oil

Abstract

Cycloaliphatic epoxy resins are used in coatings and inks because of their exceptionally low viscosity and reactivity with a variety of co-reactants, thus permitting high-solids and zero VOC coatings. The low viscosity of epoxidized soybean oil (ESBO), its reactivity, and relatively low cost make it an inexpensive candidate co-resin in cationic thermally cured coatings and inks using blocked acid catalysts. Formulations with up to 40% ESBO in the epoxy resin blend were investigated. Blending of cycloaliphatic resin with 10% ESBO gave a bake coating with the same results as the standard formulation except pencil hardness was one unit lower when cured for 12 min at 120°C with a heat de-blocked catalyst. The hardness of coatings with ESBO is adjustable by changing the epoxy/polyol ratio, using harder polyols and harder epoxy resins.

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Author information

Correspondence to John Massingill.

Additional information

Coatings Research Institute, 430 W. Forest Ave., Ypsilanti, MI 48197.

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Raghavachar, R., Sarnecki, G., Baghdachi, J. et al. Cationic, thermally cured coatings using epoxidized soybean oil. J Coat Technol Res 72, 125–133 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02733784

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Keywords

  • Polyol
  • Impact Strength
  • Film Property
  • Glycidyl Ether
  • Pencil Hardness