Mermaid syndrome with amniotic band disruption


An association of Amniotic Band Disruption Sequence and Mermaid Syndrome in a newborn having multiple congenital anomalies is being reported. The newborn had aberrant string like tissues attached to the amputed fingers and toes. Adhesions of amniotic bands had disrupted the fetal parts especially anteriorly in the midline, causing multiple anomalies. Apart from these features of Amniotic Band Disruption Sequence, the newborn had complete fusion of the lower limbs by cutaneous tissue, a characteristic of Mermaid Syndrome (Sirenomelia). Associated malformations were anal stenosis, rectal atresia, small horseshoe kidney, hypoplastic urinary bladder and a bicornuate uterus. The single umbilical artery had a high origin, arising directly from the aorta just distal to the celiac axis, which is unique to sirenomelia. Theories put forward regarding the etiopathogenesis of both the conditions are discussed

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Correspondence to Sanjeev Managoli.

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Managoli, S., Chaturvedi, P., Vilhekar, K.Y. et al. Mermaid syndrome with amniotic band disruption. Indian J Pediatr 70, 105–107 (2003).

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Key words

  • Sirenomelia
  • Mermaid Syndrome
  • Amniotic band disruption sequence