An 84-year-old woman with acute myelocytic leukemia presented with fever and a left upper lobe infiltrate on chest x-ray. She failed to respond to initial broad spectrum antibiotic therapy. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and a transthoracic needle aspirate subsequently both grewRothia dentocariosa, a gram-positive branching rod. The pneumonia resolved after prolonged treatment with Clindamycin.Rothia dentocariosa must be considered a cause of opportunistic pulmonary infection.
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Schiff, M.J., Kaplan, M.H. Rothia dentocariosa pneumonia in an immunocompromised patient. Lung 165, 279–282 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02714444
- Rothia dentocariosa
- Opportunistic infection