A theoretical evaluation of alternative trade intensity measures of revealed comparative advantage

Zusammenfassung

Eine theoretische Bewertung von alternativen Messungen der HandelsintensitÄt offenbarter komparativer Vorteile. — In der Literatur gibt es zahlreiche Indizes für offenbarte komparative Vorteile, die die tatsÄchlichen komparativen Vorteile annÄhernd wiedergeben sollen. In diesem Aufsatz wird der theoretische Unterbau dieser alternativen Indizes bewertet und dabei die Aufmerksamkeit auf die besonders relevanten IntensitÄtsma\e gerichtet. Als Basis für die Bewertung und Interpretation wird Kunimotos integrativer Ansatz verwendet. Zwischen den verschiedenen empirischen Ma\en und dem theoretischen Konzept der komparativen Vorteile werden Verbindungen hergestellt. Au\erdem werden die Beziehungen zwischen globalen und bilateralen Indizes der HandelsintensitÄt angesprochen sowie angesichts der vieldimensionalen RealitÄt Bedenken über die Gültigkeit von LÄnder- und Gütervergleichen vorgebracht.

Résumé

Une évaluation théorique des mesures alternatives d’intensité du commerce des avantages comparatifs rélévés. — Dans la littérature il y a des nombreux indexes des avantages comparatifs rélévés qui sont construits pour indiquer les avantages comparatifs de la réalité. L’auteur évalue les fondements théoriques de ces indexes alternatifs et concentre l’attention sur les mesures d’intensité les plus intéressantes. Il utilise le système intégratif de Kunimoto comme une base pour l’évaluation et l’interprétation. Il établi des liens entre les mesures différentes empiriques et le concept théorique des avantages comparatifs. L’auteur discute aussi des relations entre les indexes d’intensité du commerce global et bilatéral et s’adresse à la question de la validité des comparaisons au niveau des biens et des pays divers dans un monde réel multidimensional.

Resumen

Una evaluación teórica de indicadores alternativos de ventajas comparativas reveladas através de la intensidad del comercio. — En la literatura existen numerosos indices de las ventajas comparativas reveladas que persiguen el fin de aproximar las ventajas comparativas reaies. En este trabajo se evalûan los fundamentos teóricos de estos indices alternativos, particularmente de los indicadores de intensidad mâs interesantes. El marco integrador de Kunimoto es utilizado como base para la evaluación e interpretación. Se establecen lazos entre varios indicadores empiricos y el concepto teórico de ventaja comparativa. También se analizan las relaciones entre los indices de intensidad de comercio global y bilateral y la validez de comparaciones a nivel de bien y de pais en el mundo real multidimensional.

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Vollrath, T.L. A theoretical evaluation of alternative trade intensity measures of revealed comparative advantage. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv 127, 265–280 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02707986

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Keywords

  • Comparative Advantage
  • Trade Intensity
  • Reveal Comparative Advantage
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organisation
  • Comparative Disadvantage