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Trade, technology spillovers, and food production in China

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Abstract

Trade, Technology Spillovers, and Food Production in China. — This paper studies technology spillovers between China and other countries, international trade in inputs being the prime carrier of knowledge in agricultural production. Human capital characteristics and structural characteristics of the agricultural production sys-tems determine the local usability of foreign knowledge for Chinese farmers. The authors utilize a multi-region applied general equilibrium model to analyze Chinese opportunities to benefit from foreign technology improvements in grain production. It is shown that possible negative welfare effects of unilateral trade liberalization of China against North American imports of agricultural inputs may be more than compensated by productivity gains if technology spillovers are included.

Zusammenfassung

Handel, Spillovers von Technologie und Nahrungsmittelproduktion in China. — Die Verfasser untersuchen die Spillovers von Technologie zwischen China und anderen LÄndern, wobei der internationale Handel mit Inputs das Hauptübertragungsmittel von Wissen bei der Agrarproduktion ist. Charakteristika des Humankapitals und strukturelle Merkmale der landwirtschaftlichen Produktionssysteme bestimmen die örtliche Brauchbarkeit auslÄndischen Wissens für chinesische Bauern. Die Verfasser benutzen ein multiregional angewandtes allgemeines Gleichgewichts-modell, um die Möglichkeiten Chinas zu analysieren, von auslÄndischen Technologie-verbesserungen in der Getreideproduktion zu profitieren. Es zeigt sich, da\ mögliche negative Wohlfahrtswirkungen einer einseitigen Handelsliberalisierung Chinas gegen-über nordamerikanischen Importen von Agrarinputs mehr als ausgeglichen werden können durch ProduktivitÄtsgewinne, wenn Spillovers von Technologie einbezogen werden.

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van Meijl, H., van Tongeren, F. Trade, technology spillovers, and food production in China. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv 134, 423–449 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02707925

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