Host country competition, labor skills, and technology transfer by multinationals

Abstract

Host Country Competition, Labor Skills, and Technology Transfer by Multinationals. — This paper examines the impact of local competition and the availability of skilled labor on the technology imports of foreign MNC affiliates in Mexican manufacturing industries. The authors find that proxies for local competition and labor skills are positively related to the recorded technology imports of foreign owned affiliates. The effects of competition appear to be particularly strong in intermediate and consumer goods industries, while the availability of skilled labor seems to be particularly important in durable and capital goods industries. Thus, government policies aiming to create a competitive climate and improve labor quality may also promote inflows of modern technology.

Zusammenfassung

Wettbewerb im Gastland, Qualifikation der Arbeitskräfte und Technologietransfer durch multinationale Firmen. — Die Verfasser untersuchen, wie sich die Konkurrenz im Inland und die Verfügbarkeit ausgebildeter Arbeitskräfte auf den Technologietransfer ausländischer multinationaler Firmen in mexikanischen Industriezweigen auswirken. Sie zeigen, daß Näherungswerte für die Konkurrenz im Inland und die Qualifikation der Arbeitskräfte mit den Technologieimporten der Filialen in ausländischem Eigentum positiv korreliert sind. Der Einfluß des Wettbewerbs scheint besonders stark zu sein bei Erzeugern von Zwischenprodukten und Konsumgütern, während die Verfügbarkeit ausgebildeter Arbeitskräfte bei Erzeugern von dauerhaften Konsumgütern und Investitionsgütern besonders wichtig zu sein scheint. Daraus folgt, daß eine Regierungspolitik, die sich bemüht, ein Wettbewerbsklima zu schaffen und die Qualifikation der Arbeitskräfte zu erhöhen, auch den Import moderner Technologie begünstigt.

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Blomström, M., Kokko, A. & Zejan, M. Host country competition, labor skills, and technology transfer by multinationals. Rev World Econ 130, 521–533 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02707611

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