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Trade regimes and spillover effects of FDI: Evidence from Uruguay

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Abstract

Trade Regimes and Spillover Effects of FDI: Evidence from Uruguay. — This paper examines differences in the character and impact of FDI entering Uruguay during import substitution, pursued until 1973, and the subsequent more outwardoriented trade regime. Regression analysis shows that the labor productivity of local firms is positively related to the presence of older import-substituting MNCs in their industry. The presence of foreign affiliates established after 1973 has no apparent impact on local productivity, but seems to raise the likelihood that local firms engage in exporting. This may be a sign of export spillovers, indicating that local firms may pick up some exportrelated skills from the operations of outward-oriented foreign MNCs.

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Kokko, A., Zejan, M. & Tansini, R. Trade regimes and spillover effects of FDI: Evidence from Uruguay. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv 137, 124–149 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02707603

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