X-ray studies of water structure in 2 Zn insulin crystal
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The water structure of rhombohedral 2 Zn insulin crystal which contains about 280 water molecules and 0.55-0.60 mol citrate molecules per dimer has been studied by X-ray crystallographic refinement with 1.1 A resolution data. Atomic parameters of 83 fully occupied and 258 partially occupied water molecules and 0.3 mol of citrate were obtained. Full matrix least-squares method with isotropic temperature factor was used for the refinement of partially occupied water molecules. The water molecules in this crystal exist in one of the three states: fully occupied water, partially occupied water and water continuum, and a schematic model of water structure in protein crystal was proposed. The flexibility of water molecules is described.
Key wordsX-ray analysis water structure in protein crystal 2 Zn insulin crystal fully matrix least-squares refinement disordered water
Nuclear magnetic resonance
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