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Role of infection in the pathogenesis of rheumatic diseases

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Abstract

Advanced immunological technology has revealed immunological abnormalities not only in some chronic and autoimmune connective tissue disorders but also in conditions like infective arthritis where infection apparently seems to play the only role. On the other hand role of infection in the pathogenesis of some connective tissue disorders has recently gained much importance from the observation of clinical, pathological and immunological similarities between these diseases and certain infectious diseases occurring in animal models. Meanwhile, knowledge gained into human leucocyte-A system and its association with certain diseases opens another angle in etiopathogenesis of certain rheumatic diseases. It has been postulated that adaptive mechanism of a microbe or the binding between the human leucocyte-A molecule and carbohydrate moiety of a microbe may set up an autoimmune reaction and in the presence of some triggering factors in the environment may lead on to disease manifestations. An attempt has been made to discuss the role of infection in the outcome of rheumatic diseases such as septic arthritis, polyarteritis nodosa, rheumatic fever, enteropathic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematoses in genetically susceptible individuals producing immunological abnormalities.

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Abbreviations

HLA:

Human leucocyte antigen

IRR:

immuno regulatory ratio

PAN:

polyarteritisnodosa

AS:

ankylosing spondylitis

SLE:

systemic lupus erythemetoses

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Chandrasekaran, A.N., Madhavan, R. Role of infection in the pathogenesis of rheumatic diseases. J. Biosci. 6, 701–708 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02702712

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